The newest variable life excerpt from the Full Disclosure software series features 40 policies, including 12 brand new ones. Although it is interesting to note that 25% of the policies featured are new since we surveyed companies in the fall, the overall number of available policies for sale since then has declined from 52.
This big decrease is due to companies with several products paring the number available coincident with the required adoption of the new 2001 CSO mortality tables.
Compounding this trend is that companies that have merged relatively recently now had a good opportunity to focus on the strongest products resulting from the mergers. We now have fewer products that are more modern in design and cheaper from a mortality cost standpoint.
Of course, VL sales were particularly hard hit coming into 2009 as equity values plunged. For product development teams looking for time to more fully develop products with new pricing, this is an ideal time to take it. According to LIMRA International’s U.S. Individual Life Insurance Sales report, premium from individual life insurance sales declined 26% in the first quarter of 2009. Amid this decline, variable life products were hardest hit. No company increased their variable sales and VL premium slid 61%.
Full Disclosure surveys variable insurers twice each year and tracks illustrated values and the benefits each brings to the marketplace. In addition to the contractual and qualitative data on each policy collected, we also look at how they are illustrating their products in the field (current as of May 1, 2009). There are charts for current illustrated values and a scenario with maximum retirement income–an ideal use for VL insurance. There is also a guaranteed minimum premium excerpt for long-term (age 100 or lifetime) guaranteed premium and death benefit.
Current illustrations are based on a male age 40 paying a $7,500 annual premium and a $1 million policy. Companies were asked to employ an 8% gross crediting rate (down from 10% in our last installment on VL) that is then net of average fund expenses. Fund expenses can be either arithmetic, or more likely, weighted to the largest subaccounts available in the policy. Details are available in the software release of Full Disclosure, as are the number of issue classes available for each policy.
If our specified premium of $7,500 is too low to illustrate the policy for this age and face amount, the policies are blended with term insurance if available. The death benefit type is level; however, a column is included with a true increasing death benefit for each policy. The class specified is best nonsmoker as long as the class represents at least 15% of the contracts issued of each policy.
Internal rates of return (IRR) figures, included in the main chart, indicate which products are designed to be more efficient in producing cash values, death benefits, or are an all-around solution. The IRR can be applied to cash values as well as death benefits, and we have chosen to measure both at a policy duration of 30 years. Those seeking to analyze the relationship between cash values and death benefits will find the IRR measurement a useful tool. Information is included to show what the death benefits would be illustrated under an increasing death benefit option.
Variable life is also marketed as a tool to supplement retirement income. This is done by surrendering accumulation values to the contract’s cost basis and using policy loans thereafter, or increasingly, by using only loans to provide maximum income. In the accompanying retirement income table, companies were asked to illustrate policies using a $10,000 premium starting at a male’s age 40, selecting an increasing death benefit option until age 65. At retirement age 65, the death benefit type is switched to level as values are liquidated. A residual value of $100,000 was requested at the policy maturity age and companies tried to come as close to that as their illustration systems would allow. Again, certain policies are designed to do certain things and a high cash value at age 65 does not necessarily translate into high retirement income.
The guaranteed minimum premium excerpt is for long-term (age 100 or lifetime) guaranteed premium and death benefit. Whether by rider, a minimum premium level, or through a dedicated fixed account, mechanisms to include the guarantee may differ. If a policy is not featured in the minimum guaranteed premium chart, it does not offer a long-term secondary guarantee but may offer shorter guarantee durations as specified in the main chart featuring illustrated values.
The illustrations in this report are meant to show how individual life variable plans are being illustrated on the street as a way to gauge their relative positions for a sample policyholder. The real product differentiation is at the policy level in the features, limitations, current and guaranteed cost structure of each. While it is tempting to try to compare products using subaccount performance, the real test of a product’s ability to create policyholder value lies with the contract, or the “wrapper” around the investment components. To help clarify what each product in this report is designed for, we have included information under Product Design Objectives.
Variable Life Policy Design Objectives
American General Life Income Advantage Select
Maximum Income; No M&E Charges After Year 10; High Early Cash Surrender Values; Overloan Protection; No Tobacco Use Incentive; Guaranteed Minimum Withdrawal Benefit
American General Life Protection Advantage Select
Flexible Death Benefit Guarantee to Lifetime; Low Premium to Endow; GMDB Automatic Adjustment Feature; Rolling Targets; GMDB Rider; No Tobacco Use Incentive
Ameritas Life (A UNIFI Co) Excel Performance VUL
Cash Value Accumulation; Maximum Retirement Income; Low Expenses; Return of Premium Option; Term-Blending
AXA Equitable Life Incentive Life Legacy
Flexible Death Benefit Guarantee; Low Minimum Premium to Endow; Accumulation Values; Maximum Income; Overloan Protection; Living Benefits
AXA Equitable Life Incentive Life Optimixer
Flexibility; Cash Value Accumulation; Maximum Retirement Income; Riders/Features; Loan Extension Protection
Guardian Life Flexible Solutions VUL 2008
Accumulation Sales; Business Applications; Long Term Values; Policy Exchange
Hartford Life Leaders VUL Legacy
Maximum Death Benefits; Business Applications
Hartford Life Leaders VUL Liberty
Maximum Income; Riders
ING “Security Life of Denver” ING VUL-ECV
High Early Cash Surrender Values; No Surrender Charges; 20-Year or Lifetime Death Benefit Guarantee; Third Death Benefit Option
ING “Security Life of Denver” ING VUL-CV
Maximum Retirement Income; Cash Value Accumulation; No M&E Charges (current); Rolling Targets; Overloan Protection Rider
Jackson National Life Advisor VUL
High Early Cash Values; Long-Term Accumulation; Advisor (Fee) Withdrawals; No Sales Charges; Maximum Retirement Income; Passive Disciplined Subaccounts Available; 1035 Exchanges With Loans
Jackson National Life Ultimate Investor VUL
No Surrender Charges; Smoothed Compensation with Trails; Maximum Retirement Income; Long-Term Accumulation; 1035 Exchanges with Loans
Jackson National Life Perspective Investor VUL
Traditional Compensation; Passive Disciplined Subaccounts; Maximum Retirement Income; Long-Term Accumulation; 1035 Exchanges with Loans
John Hancock Life Protection VUL
Flexible Death Benefit Guarantees; Premium Solves; LifeCare Benefit
John Hancock Life Accumulation VUL
Flexible Death Benefit Options; Business Applications; LifeCare Benefit and Overloan Protection Riders
Lincoln National Life AssetEdge VUL
Accumulation Sales; Maximum Income
Lincoln Benefit Life TotalAccumulator
Guaranteed Death Benefits; Cash Value Accumulation; Low Premium to Endow; Low COIs; Long Term Values
Massachusetts Mutual Life VUL III
Long-Term Values; Income; Death Benefit Guarantees; Riders
MetLife Investors Equity Advantage VUL
Cash Value Accumulation; Maximum Retirement Income; Underwriting Flexibility; Death Benefit Guarantees; Riders and Features
Midland National Life VUL-DB
Long-Term Values; Death Benefit Sales; Lifetime Death Benefit Guarantee
Midland National Life VUL-CV 2
Guaranteed Zero Cost Loans; Guaranteed Death Benefit to Age 70; Long-Term Accumulation Values; Waiver of Surrender Charge Option
Midland National Life PVUL3
Maximum Income; Maximum Cash Values; Various Sales Scenarios; Long-Term Values
Minnesota Life Accumulator VUL
Accumulation Sales; Lifetime Death Benefit Guarantee; Maximum Income
National Life Investor Select
Long Term Care & Overloan Protection Riders
New York Life NYL VUL Accumulator
High Cash Value; Features & Riders; Maximum Income; Long-Term Accumulation Values
Northwestern Mutual Life Custom VUL
Flexible Death Benefit Guarantees; Fixed Paid-Up Option; Premium Flexibility; Long-Term Values
Northwestern Mutual Life Executive VUL
Flexible Death Benefit Guarantee to Lifetime; Fixed Paid-Up Option; Long-Term Values
Nationwide Financial Life YourLife Accumulation VUL
High Cash Values; Accumulation Sales; Maximum Retirement Income; Long Term Care & Overloan Protection Riders
Nationwide Financial Life YourLife Protection VUL
Lifetime Death Benefit Guarantee; Low Premium to Endow; Death Benefit Protection Monitor; Cash Value Accumulation
Pacific Life Select Exec IV
Maximum Cash Value; Maximum Income; High Targets; Riders; Flexibility
Penn Mutual Life Diversified Growth VUL
Flexible Guarantee Feature; Cash Value Accumulation; Indexed Fixed Account Option; Maximum Income
Phoenix Life Benefit Choice VUL
Death Benefit Guarantee to Age 100; Cash Value Accumulation; Maximum Retirement Income; Rolling Targets
Principal Life VUL Income II
Maximum Retirement Income; Maximum Accumulation Values; Business Applications; Death Benefit Guarantees
Protective Life Premiere III
Heavily Funded Sales; Long-Term Accumulation; Maximum Income; Death Benefit Guarantee
Prudential Financial Life PruLife Custom Premier II
Premium Flexibility; Maximum Retirement Income; Long-Term Values
Sun Life Financial Futurity Accumulator II 2009
Sun Life Financial Protector VUL
Term Blending; Death Benefit Guarantee; Low Expenses; Maximum Retirement Income; Flexibility
Thrivent Financial for Lutherans Variable Universal Life II
Long-Term Accumulated Values; Death Benefit Guarantee
TIAA-CREF Life Intelligent Life VUL
Low Load; No Surrender Charges; High Early Cash Surrender Value; Accumulation Sales