One reason Olivia Mitchell wants to save Social Security is to avoid the reduction in benefits she expects from the ailing program just when she wants to retire.
But Mitchell spends a lot more time worrying about retirement professionally, as an economist at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
“Social Security as a program is facing insolvency and will not be able to pay the full promised benefits in about 16 years from now,” she said. “It concerns me that nobody’s really talking seriously about fixing it.”
One part of any eventual fix, Mitchell figures, will be raising the retirement age to 70 or even 75, from 66 for many people now. (For those born in 1960 and later, full retirement age is 67.)
She has another proposal for policymakers to consider: Reward people for waiting to claim their share by paying some of their benefits in a lump sum when they finally start taking monthly checks.
Most people claim Social Security as soon as they can, at age 62. Some don’t have the financial flexibility to wait. But those who can afford to defer their benefit checks, yet still claim them as soon as they turn 62, pass up a significantly richer Social Security deal. Right now, waiting to claim until you’re 70 can provide as much as an 85% boost to that guaranteed, inflation-adjusted stream of income that, together with the rest of your savings and investments, will sustain you in retirement. Plus, by working a few more years you’re adding to your retirement pot.
What does it take to make people wait?
Mitchell ran an experiment. In the current system, the only way to benefit from waiting to claim comes in those higher monthly checks for life. Mitchell and Raimond Maurer, a finance professor at Germany’s Goethe University, wanted to find out what would happen if people who could afford to wait for their Social Security benefits were promised a lump sum to do so.
Their study, titled Older People’s Willingness to Delay Social Security Claiming and based on survey work the authors included in the 2014 Heath and Retirement Study, assigned an “approximate actuarially fair” dollar amount of $60,000 to the value of waiting four years after people could first claim—so, until age 66—to apply for their benefit. The researchers asked people between the ages of 50 and 70 to assume they were 62, single, and could afford to wait to claim.
First they tested how many people would hold off claiming in order to get a higher lifetime benefit in the current Social Security program. The scenario: You get $1,000 a month for life if you claim your benefits at 62, or $1,330 a month if you wait to claim until age 66, the full retirement age for many older workers.