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Retirement Planning > Retirement Investing

Understanding and implementing QLACs in a retirement plan

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There’s a lot out there on the new Qualified Longevity Annuity Contract (QLAC) regulations and ramifications for retirees. The July 2014 rules ushered in a new landscape that can be confusing for both retirees and advisors.

Things can seem confusing, so here are the straight benefits.

Simply put, these new retirement tools can reduce required minimum distributions (RMDs), fill potential income gaps and limit retirees’ tax liabilities. 

Perhaps most importantly, QLACs can help open doors with clients on crafting retirement income plans that systematically create, sustain and protect income.

QLAC Primer

In a general sense, QLACs are contractual wrappers that currently house deferred income annuities (DIAs). The regulations allow a DIA to be established with qualified assets, with the future annuity payments locked in at the time of purchase. 

The lesser of 25 percent or $125,000 of an individual retirement account (IRA) can be used to fund a QLAC. That amount is excluded from RMD calculations, which can lower the distribution, and hence a retiree’s taxable income. 

A nice QLAC feature is payments can be delayed up to age 85. This can offer advantageous timing in a retirement income plan and help fill potential income needs that can occur later in a client’s life.

With QLACs, both spousal and non-spousal beneficiaries can receive the remaining purchase premiums, keeping them instead of the annuity carrier. If the cash refund option is elected, any remaining principle can be returned.

Like any annuity, there are several income options that can be elected within the contract. For instance, some offer a cost of living adjustment (COLA). Also, one could forgo the cash refund and go with life only payments for more income. But perhaps the most important foundational piece is the competitive guaranteed future income insurance companies are able to generate within these product types.

The QLAC rules don’t allow commutation, so contract holders receive the pre-determined income stream. The contract is illiquid, so retirees can’t withdraw money.

Prior to the new regulations, DIAs were available, but pre-QLAC DIAs are more restrictive in how they’re purchased. That is, they must be purchased under a qualifying employer-sponsored retirement plan or IRA.

Essentially, QLACs offer new flavors of a traditional retirement tool with more flexibility.

Fork in the Road

The QLAC is a new planning tool, but it’s just that – a tool. Still, its flexibility is opening doors to create real retirement income plans.

To me, the value proposition (and proverbial fork in the road) centers where the retiree’s money goes.

    1. Pay the taxes on RMDs
    2. Pay an insurance carrier, whose law-of-large-numbers leverage can enable competitive income streams

In the end, the difference is not often a huge sum of money. Still, would a retiree rather have their money go towards taxes or to their benefit?

Holistic Sales

Success takes a holistic approach that examines a retiree’s entire life, including a broad view of the solutions available. This open the doors to creating an income plan that solves both the identified needs in retirement, as well as the unknown as much as possible.

I suggest partnering with a proper tax advisor so you have the firepower and verification needed to create a plan that includes QLACs.

It’s definitely not a transactional sale, but more of a planning-based sale. You must run the numbers to see what a client qualifies for and if it makes sense for them. Sure, you can generate interest by offering to reduce RMDs, but you must be able to explain the benefits credibly and back up what you sell.

A holistic approach can certainly open doors with clients for other types of annuities and investments, which can supplement income and preserve assets in retirement.

It’s simply about doing what’s best for the client. Being able to develop solid, sensible income plans serves clients well and can generate more quality business.

Get Creative

Since there are many options, benefits and trade-offs associated with a QLAC, your solutions can be creative.

For instance, with a client holding $500,000 in qualified assets, why not write a few QLACs?

You could divide the $125,000 limit into three policies, enabling withdrawals at ages 75, 80 and 85, respectively. It wouldn’t provide as large a distribution as if it all came at age 85, but this staggered approach provides flexibility and hedges against life’s “what ifs.” 

Similarly, you could craft a staggered, multi-QLAC arrangement, each with different benefits and payout timing. One could have a COLA, another a cash refund and a third could forgo the cash refund. This would provide varying income streams at different stages of retirement.

Best Practices

Here are my best tips for adding QLAC solutions to your retirement income planning toolkit.

Be compliant

If you advertise QLACs, get a thorough compliance review. Then you can verify your offerings with solid numbers and deliver peace of mind.

Avoid the “sizzle” of the new regulations

Manage client expectations and focus on the perceived benefits of the new rules – creating an income strategy that employs multiple solutions.

Get expertise

Partner with a tax professional to review what you use in the plan. You want to have in-depth conversations and make the numbers work, thus avoiding costly RMD issues down the road.

Target correctly

Generally, QLACs work great for high net worth, planning-type clients and those whose RMDs exceed their estimated income gap in retirement.

For the right clients, QLACs can be important future income bridges, with current tax benefits. They’re certainly worth exploring for your current and prospective customers.


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