For many financial representatives, “hooking the big fish” means being able to successfully attract and serve high net worth clients. These are worthy goals, but as famous fly fisherman and author A.K. Best has said of some of his own angling experiences, “the fishing was good; it was the catching that was bad.”
In other words, it’s one thing to aspire to build a base of high net worth clients, and another to actually succeed at doing it. After all, this is a market with lots of choices regarding where to receive service: registered investment advisors, brokerage firms, insurance companies, etc.
As a field representative, your challenge is to distinguish yourself and your service by building the highest levels of confidence in the minds of these highly discerning prospects. You can start by recognizing that high net worth clients are looking for far more than great performance, pure investment solutions or mere purveyors of products. They’re looking for a trusted advisor.
But what does it take to ensure that trust? There’s no shortage of advice on this topic and it can be difficult for the rep to crystallize an effective, organized approach. But after 20 years in this niche of financial services, I’ve learned that it’s useful to plan an approach around 3 messages to your prospect. Here’s what they want to hear from you:
? That you’re a genuine player in the high net worth arena and you have the organizational resources to back you up.
? That you have a unique understanding of investor psychology (theirs and yours).
? That yours is an investment process par excellence; equally so, your level of execution is beyond comparison.
Let’s look at each.
Develop the expertise and have the right resources
It’s important to demonstrate to your prospect your high level of commitment to, knowledge of and experience in the high net worth arena. It takes a lot of training to be an elite advisor. Tiger Woods just doesn’t have ability; he trains harder than any golfer.
Training and credentials–for you and your staff–are important and it shows that you take your role seriously. Let your prospect see that you’re regularly keeping abreast of developments within the marketplace and that you’re invested in the business. Don’t limit your conversations to investment management alone; be client centric, not market centric.
As important as what you personally bring to the table are the organization and resources available to back up your service. The strength and continuity of the brand and organization that are behind you will resonate with your prospect. Having a strong financial network can also help. In some cases, it may make more sense to have a good team of internal experts to whom you can refer high net worth individuals rather than requiring the necessary skills set yourself.
Being the relationship quarterback may make more sense for a rep’s specific business model. High net worth individuals have been through a lot in the past decade with the number of disruptive mergers and acquisitions, possibly involving their banks or brokerage firms or both. Your prospect will appreciate the benefits of a secure relationship with a stable company.
He or she will also be reassured hearing about how they’ll benefit from an institutional investment process that can be delivered at an individual level. Your message here is one of best practices: What has worked well for the institution (e.g., the disciplines of pensions, endowments, etc.) is also available to the individual. Investment returns in many cases are a commodity. Investment expectations that are established around long-term strategies usually are best positioned to meet future goals.
Understand your client, and yourself
Don’t limit yourself by focusing just on solutions with a risk/return perspective. Financial planning and forecasting are obviously important, but they are by no means everything. High net worth individuals have other needs. They’re sensitive to taxes, for example.
Moreover, they define themselves by other parameters and issues, like socially responsible investing, green investing and hedge funds. They are serious about these matters for a variety of reasons; you deliver added value by helping your client figure what fits, what doesn’t and why.
Here’s where pushing back ultimately becomes a much appreciated service to the high net worth client. Too many advisors and reps are too willing to tell clients only what they want to hear. Do this, and you’ll never fully develop this business. Instead, think of yourself as a physician. As much as any doctor would like to tell a patient, “You don’t have hypertension,” or, “You don’t have high cholesterol,” they’re going to say what’s needed to be said.
The need to push back will arise consistently with high net worth individuals, partly because they have constant and complex decisions to make with their finances. These situations call for courageous, sensitive conversations. And you won’t be able to have them unless you have a clear understanding of the behavioral and attitudinal sources of your client’s goals, needs, values and desires.
One more point about psychology: know thyself. Be aware of how your own attitudes and behaviors might affect your counsel and how you might otherwise advise your client. For example, if you’re the type who watches the markets all day long, you may feel the need to react to the never-ending barrage of information you’re getting, which could affect the long-term aspects of your planning with your client. Thus, be highly aware of your own biases, and make sure they do not disrupt the strategies appropriate for your clients.
Execute with excellence
The most successful advisors in the high net worth arena do not portray themselves as market gurus. Instead, they focus on delivering an appropriate asset allocation and diversification strategy, as opposed to promising above-market returns. The lesson here is about equating market returns with market risk. Don’t take too much risk to produce marginal returns. There aren’t any free lunches, and no investment strategy can guarantee a profit or protect against loss.
If all is going well, you’ll go through different cycles with your high net worth client as the relationship matures. You’ll need to modify your approach over time, as he or she transitions from the accumulation stages to wealth preservation, wealth distribution, etc.
For example, high net worth clients will expect solutions that help preserve and enhance their wealth. When executing strategy, the most successful reps and advisors have spent the time–through detailed risk profiling and financial planning–to understand their clients’ economic and emotional needs. In most cases, the ability to minimize taxes is a significant driver in a successful relationship.
Advisors need to understand investment strategies such as tax-loss harvesting and tax-efficient investment vehicles/processes, as well as the legal entity into which those strategies are executed. Here, it can range from qualified plans to an irrevocable life insurance trust to a credit shelter trust.
In another cycle, many high net worth individuals have aspirations to a legacy. This may range from charitable endeavors to inter-generational wealth transfers. Understanding the appropriate investment solution for these complex needs requires keen insight and experience.
A final thought about process and execution: high net worth clients want to know there’s a robust check-and-balance system in place to help oversee all that’s going on regarding the planning of their future. Though most practitioners cringe at the thought of compliance departments breathing down their necks, the successful ones use this fact to their advantage. Too much stewardship is never a bad thing!