WASHINGTON — A sustained period of lower interest rates, with all its negative implications for insurers, is the most likely effect on the American insurance industry as a result of Britain’s unexpected decision to exit the European Union, according to a consensus of rating agencies, insurers and consultants.
“Insurers have been resigned to ‘lower for longer’ interest rates, and the early indications post-Brexit are that that was a wise assessment,” said a top official at a large U.S. insurer who asked not to be named.
That is not to say that the decision was not a shocker.
Daniel Bruce, a director at Crowe Horwath LLP in London, said many people in that city, which is the country’s financial epicenter, “widely expected the United Kingdom to remain, and have been stunned by the vote.”
In addition to the anticipated resignation of British Prime Minister David Cameron, Horwath foresees Jeremy Corbyn, the country’s Labour Party leader, stepping down as well. He noted that the reinsurance market has a “strong presence” in London. Bruce said the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU is likely to affect the reinsurance industry, especially in regard to pricing. He specifically noted that a large number of Lloyd’s syndicates are based in London.
He said there are not many U.S. insurers doing business in the United Kingdom. But, as a result of the vote, they will have to negotiate a separate trade deal with the United States.
Currently, they are part of a EU trade deal, Bruce said.
One international insurer with a large business both in the United States and the United Kingdom is Aegon, which is based in the Hague, the Netherlands. It will now have to negotiate a separate trade deal with the United Kingdom, likely within two years, Bruce said.
At the same time, officials of MetLife and American International Group, both of which are among a limited group of U.S. life insurers participating in the European market, said they would continue to do business there.
Early indications supported that conclusion. Early in the day after the “Brexit” vote, prices of U.S. insurers were starkly lower. For example, MetLife was down 8.8 percent; Prudential 7.7 percent; Lincoln National 9.9 percent; and Voya, 7 percent. Seeking Alpha interpreted the decline as indicating that the implication of even lower interest rates [through Brexit] as putting even more pressure on the business models of U.S. life insurers.”
In a statement, Standard & Poor’s Global Ratings said that the United Kingdom insurance sector is “less exposed” to the leave vote than the rest of the financial sector, and that S&P did not expect any rate action on U.K. insurers as a result of the exit vote.
“While representing about one-third of the U.K.’s very substantial financial services net export surplus, the insurance sector is far more reliant on trade with non-EU countries — especially the U.S.,” S&P said.
However, Bruce said the stock prices of U.K. insurers did decline an average of 15 to 20 percent Friday as the U.K. markets plunged in the wake of the unexpected vote.
And, there was turmoil worldwide in equity markets.
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Mary Jo White, chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, said, “The U.S. equity markets opened normally for trading this morning.”
She added: “We are continuing to closely monitor the markets and have been in regular communication with financial institutions, exchanges, and market utilities, as well as our financial regulatory counterparts.”
And Tim Pawlenty, CEO of the Financial Services Roundtable, said in a statement that, “Brexit is a significant development that takes the U.K. and markets into uncharted waters.”