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Oil Falls to Six-Year Low, Energy Stocks Sink

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Oil fell to the lowest level in more than six years amid speculation that a record global glut will be prolonged after OPEC effectively abandoned its longtime strategy of limiting output to control prices.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries will keep pumping about 31.5 million barrels a day, President Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu said Friday after a meeting in Vienna. The group is setting aside its output quota of 30 million barrels a day, a target it’s breached the past 18 months, until members gather again in June. Declines accelerated as the dollar rose as a strengthening U.S. economy bolstered the case for the Federal Reserve to raise interest rates.

Oil has slumped more than 40 percent since Saudi Arabia led OPEC’s decision in November 2014 to maintain output and defend market share against higher-cost U.S. shale producers. Global stockpiles have expanded to almost 3 billion barrels as the Saudis, Russia and Iraq increased supply, according to the International Energy Agency.

“We’re plunging with the dawn of an OPEC without quotas,” said John Kilduff, a partner at Again Capital LLC, a New York-based hedge fund. “The Saudis doubled down on their strategy of driving out higher-cost producers. They are prepared to play a long game to return to dominance.” 
[Editor's note: After the OPEC meeting, commodity strategists at Goldman Sachs issued a note saying that oil prices could plunge another 50% in the coming months, as the oil market tries to rebalance the supply and demand situation.]

Equity Rout

West Texas Intermediate for January delivery sank $2.39, or 6 percent, to $37.58 a barrel at 1:04 p.m. on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Futures touched $37.57, the lowest since February 2009. The volume of all futures traded was 58 percent above the 100-day average.

Brent for January settlement dropped 5.4 percent to $40.70 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. It touched $40.68, the lowest since 2009. The European benchmark crude traded at a $3.12 premiumto WTI.

“The OPEC meeting reinforces that the market needs to rebalance itself and it ain’t going to happen quickly,” Mike Wittner, head of oil-market research in New York at Societe Generale AG.

Tumbling energy prices helped spur a rout in oil and gas stocks, which were the worst performers on the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index. Williams Cos., a pipeline company, dropped 15 percent, making it the worst performer on the S&P 500 Monday.
Exxon Mobil Corp. and Chevron Corp., the biggest U.S. energy producers, dropped 2.9 percent and 3.2 percent, respectively. The pain wasn’t limited to the U.S. BP Plc tumbled 3.4 percent, and Royal Dutch Shell Plc decreased 4.2 percent.

No Ceiling

Most of the market “doesn’t have any ceiling,” Iraqi Oil Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi told reporters in Vienna on Friday. “Americans don’t have any ceiling. Russians don’t have any ceiling. Why should OPEC have a ceiling?”

After Friday’s decision, “everyone does whatever they want,” according to Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Namdar Zanganeh, who estimated the global surplus at as much as 2 million barrels a day. The Persian Gulf nation is seeking to boost crude exports next year when international sanctions over its nuclear program are removed.

Inventories have climbed as production has outpaced demand. U.S. crude supplies rose to 489.4 million in the week ended Nov. 27, the highest level for this time of year since 1930, Energy Information Administration data showed Dec. 2.

“We’re in the midst of the worst,” said Sarah Emerson, managing director of ESAI Energy Inc., a consulting company in Wakefield, Massachusetts. “I think we’ll be looking at a very different market in the next few months. Once there’s more evidence that production is falling prices will start to recover.”

The eastern half of the U.S. is projected to be warmer than normal during the next two weeks, including the Northeast where heating oil is typically burned to keep people warm, according to the U.S. Climate Prediction Center in College Park, Maryland.

Diesel futures for January delivery fell 4.7 percent to $1.2799 a gallon in New York after touching $1.2783, the lowest since April 2009. January gasoline dropped 4.5 percent to $1.2127 a gallon.


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