Dean Austin, CEO of Austin Benefits Group in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, is noticing a change in how people treat their health savings accounts.
“I see them paying more attention to HSAs as part of their overall financial strategy,” Austin says. “If people have the financial means — a group with incomes of $80,000 a year and more — we are certainly seeing that they are putting in the maximum contributions and taking the tax benefits.”
That’s a change from years past, when consumers contributed about the same amount that they spent in any given year. It’s a possible reflection of consumers’ growing awareness that they will incur substantial medical costs as they age. In 20 years of retirement, from ages 65 to 85, the average couple will spend about $491,000 out-of-pocket on health care, says Peter Stahl, president of Bedrock Business Results near Philadelphia and an expert on health care challenges during retirement.
Stahl notes that this figure doesn’t include time in a nursing home, assisted-living facility or other custodial care. The couple will spend that sum on Medicare premiums, prescription plan premiums, co-pays, home modifications, hearing aids, glasses and sundry other bills.
To fund an expense that can easily balloon above half a million dollars, tax-sheltered medical savings make sense, and they are within reach for affluent consumers in their middle years.
In 2015, HSAs have annual contribution limits of $3,350 for singles and $6,650 for couples, plus a $1,000 additional catch-up contribution allowed each year for those over age 55. (As before, contributions are made in pre-tax dollars.)
At current contribution limits and an annual return of 4 percent, a couple could begin investing at age 45 and save nearly half their likely out-of-pocket retirement medical expenses by the time they turn 65. Likely increases to annual contribution limits, as well as the $1,000 annual catch-up contribution after age 55, could help them save even more.
The account’s earnings are tax free, as long as they are used to pay for items on a long and generous list of medical expenses that include everything from hearing aids to health-related travel. Unlike funds in a flexible spending account, money in an HSA rolls over from one year to the next and so has time to compound and offer returns on investment.
In the past, Stahl says, “most people have thought of HSAs as a way to get a tax deduction and fund items that insurance doesn’t cover.” By putting more money in than they spend in a year, or by tapping other funds for out-of-pocket costs, consumers can invest HSA money now and have more — sometimes much more — to spend later.
“If you can fund your medical expenses out-of-pocket while you are still working, you can reach retirement with a pot of gold socked away in an HSA,” Stahl says.
Interest growing alongside health care costs
In order to contribute to an HSA, a person must also have a qualifying, high-deductible health care plan. (People who start HSAs when they have qualifying, high-deductible health care plans, but then change to a plan with a lower deductible, can still spend the money in their HSA accounts, but cannot make further contributions unless and until they again have qualifying plans.)
That population is growing. According to the industry organization America’s Health Insurance Plans, based in Washington, D.C., the number of people covered by an HSA-eligible, high-deductible health care plan more than doubled between January 2008 and January 2012, rising from 6.2 million to 13.5 million. By January 2014, the organization reported, 17.4 million people were eligible for HSAs.
“HSA popularity is increasing with the rise of high-deductible health plans,” says Jim Lynch, the chief sales officer at WageWorks, a company based in San Mateo, California, that provides consumer-directed health care benefits. A small percentage of people, he says, “are bringing their HSAs into their long-term financial plans. They tend to be the people who started early and contributed a lot.”
In the next five to 10 years, Lynch says, he expects to see more consumers pay more attention to — and invest more money in — HSAs. “This is like the early days of the 401(k),” he says.
More industry interest