SEC Issues Some Guidelines On Variable Annuity Exchanges
The Securities and Exchange Commission has issued guidelines for determining the “retail exception” to Section 11 of the Investment Company Act, arguing that some insurance companies may be interpreting the exception too broadly.
“We are very concerned with potential insurer violations of Section 11 because of the possibility that contract owners will be induced to make disadvantageous exchanges that result in the payment of additional sales charges and broker compensation,” the SEC says in a letter to three insurance trade groups.
The SECs interpretation was contained in a letter; it did not engage in a formal rulemaking process involving notice and comment.
SEC says it believes some insurers may undertake initiatives designed to encourage exchanges from one variable annuity contract to another from the same company, relying on the “retail exception” to avoid either seeking SEC approval or complying with Section 11.
“We wish to emphasize that we view abusive switching of variable annuity contracts very seriously,” SEC says.
“Section 11 provides important protections against the imposition of additional sales charges to contract owners, and we would be very concerned with any insurer initiative that is designed to encourage exchanges among variable annuity contracts without either complying with rule 11a-2 or seeking a Commission order approving the terms of the exchange offer,” SEC says.
In general, Section 11 bars insurers from offering to exchange existing VA contracts for other VA contracts issued by the same insurer, unless the SEC has approved of the terms of the offer or the offer complies with the rules governing exchange offers.
The purpose of Section 11, the SEC says, is to prevent exchanges offered solely to exact additional sales charges.
However, there is a limited exception to Section 11 called the “retail exception,” which, the SEC says, in general applies to communications between an individual broker and an individual customer.
It does not apply, SEC says, to a group or class of contract owners or to any exchange offer by an insurance company separate account.
But in recent years, SEC says, estimates are that up to 40% of new sales of variable annuities are attributable to contract exchanges.
This, SEC says, is due largely to the increasing popularity of bonus annuities, which add an up-front bonus usually ranging from 1% to 5% to the contract value.
A contract owner may not benefit from the exchange, however, because bonus annuities often have higher surrender and asset-based charges, as well as longer surrender charge periods, SEC says.