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7 Key Medicare Dates in the New Climate and Health Law

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When President Biden signed H.R. 5376 today, he brought the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 to life.

The new law fills 273 PDF file pages. Many provisions relate to corporate income taxes, alternative energy tax breaks, and health coverage for people under age 65.

Other provisions could affect what clients with Medicare pay for drugs.

For a quick summary, see the gallery above.

The text of the new law includes more than 450 dates, including about 100 Medicare-related time period description and implementation dates.

What It Means

One immediate effect for financial advisors will be fights over whether the new law can wrestle the “IRA” acronym away from individual retirement arrangements.

Another effect will be figuring out which parts of the new law will apply in the real world and which parts will be softened or ignored completely.

Watching how well federal agencies meet statutory implementation deadlines may give advisors clues about which Medicare provisions are important and which are not happening.

7 Medicare Dates to Know

Here’s a look at seven Medicare dates in the new law that could affect advisors’ clients.

1. Dec. 31, 2022: Medicare Part B Rebatable Drug Price Tracking (Section 11102)

Drugmakers are supposed to pay rebates to the Medicare program if the prices of certain types of drugs provided through the Medicare Part B outpatient and physician services program increases faster than the rate of inflation.

This rule will apply to drugs provided during the 12-month period that starts Oct. 1, 2022, and the U.S. Health and Human Services secretary is supposed to provide instructions on how to implement the rebate program early enough for manufacturers to pay any rebates owed for drugs sold during that first 12-month “applicable period.”

This provision could affect clients by helping to hold Medicare Part B premiums down, but it could push drug makers to try to increase prices for drugs that patients buy using Medicare Part D drug coverage, ordinary commercial coverage, their own cash or other arrangements.

2. Jan. 1, 2023: Medicare Part D Drug Plan Cost-Sharing for Recommended Adult Vaccines (Section 11401)

Starting Jan. 1, 2023, Medicare Part D drug coverage is supposed to cover recommended adult vaccines without imposing deductibles, co-payment requirements or coinsurance requirements.

The early applicability date for this requirement means that Medicare program managers may already be drafting the regulations needed to implement this provision.

3. Jan. 1, 2023: Medicare Part D Insulin Co-Payment Rules (Section 11406(a))

Starting Jan. 1, 2023, a stand-alone Medicare Part D drug plan or Medicare Advantage plan that provides drug benefits must limit the patient’s co-payment for insulin to $35.

The limit will change to the lesser of $35, 25% of a specified “maximum fair price,” or 25% of a negotiated insulin price starting Jan. 1, 2026.

4. Feb. 1, 2024: Selected Drug Publication Date for the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Program (Section 11001)

The Health and Human Services secretary is supposed to begin phasing in price negotiations for some high-priced, single-source drugs in 2026.

To make that work, the HHS secretary is supposed to choose “10 negotiation-eligible drugs” for 2026 and publish their names by the selected drug publication date.

5. March 1, 2024: Joining a Medicare Part D Drug Manufacturers Discount Program (Section 1860D-14C)

The new law replaces the current coverage gap discount program with a new discount program, aimed at Medicare Part D enrollees who have exhausted ordinary prescription drug benefits and have not yet reached the new $2,000-per-year out-of-pocket drug spending gap.

The new program will start Jan. 1, 2025. To participate in the first year, a manufacturer must enter into an agreement with the Health and Human Services secretary by March 1, 2024.

6. Nov. 1, 2024: The End of the Selected Drug Negotiation Period for the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Program (Section 11001)

One sign that the new Medicare price negotiation program for some high-priced, single-sourced drugs is on track to influence prices in 2026 is if the Health and Human Services secretary completes price negotiations by Nov. 1, 2024.

7. 2025: The $2,000 Maximum Out-of-Pocket Drug Cap for Medicare Part D Enrollees (Section 11201)

The $2,000 out-of-pocket spending cap will take effect in 2025. Medicare program managers will adjust the cap for inflation in later years.

(Image: Adobe Stock)