Target-date funds that feature annuities may be used as qualified default investment alternatives in 401(k) plans, according to a Labor Department information letter.
The letter, which was a response to an inquiry from TIAA regarding one of the firm’s custom TDF products, attempts to clarify existing agency guidance on how TDFs with annuities can comply with QDIA protocol.
One of the existing requirements for an investment to qualify as a QDIA is that participants must be able to transfer their investment from one product to another qualified option after three months.
TIAA’s Income for Life Custom Portfolios invest a portion of a participant’s savings into an annuity sleeve. The allocation increases according to the fund’s glide path. The funds cap a participant’s allocation to the annuity sleeve at 50%.
With TIAA’s custom TDFs, participants can transfer the assets invested in the annuity sleeve to another in-plan QDIA for the first 12 months after the initial investment.
After the first year, participants can only transfer funds from the annuity sleeve on a restricted basis. During the next seven years, participants can move money out of the annuity sleeve, but only in limited installments. Such liquidity restrictions are, of course, protocol for most annuity investments.
In its letter to TIAA, the DOL says the annuity sleeve in the ILCP target-date fund does not qualify as a QDIA under a strict interpretation of the existing regulatory language.
But the letter then goes on to explain that plan sponsors can use TDFs with annuity features and still satisfy their fiduciary obligations.
In order for an investment to qualify as a QDIA, the regulatory language says participants must be able to transfer assets from one qualified investment to another “with a frequency consistent with that afforded participants and beneficiaries who elect to invest in the QDIA, but not less frequently than once within any three-month period,” according to the information letter.