The ability to make additional contributions to their 401(k) plans, receive cash incentives and secure discounts on health insurance premiums and other products are among the top incentives that workers want their companies to offer.
So reveals Bank of America Merrill Lynch in a new survey, “2016 Workplace Benefits Report: Empowering and encouraging employees to plan for their future.” Conducted by Boston Research Technologies, the online survey polled 1,227 employees (all participants in 401(k) plans) in October and November of 2015 on behalf of Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
A notable finding of the research is the degree of financial insecurity among most employees. Three in four survey respondents report feeling “not at all secure” (41 percent, up 10 percent from 2013) or “not very secure” (34 percent). Only a quarter are somewhat secure (17 percent) or very secure (8 percent).
Kevin Crain, head of workplace financial solutions at Bank of America Merrill Lynch, attributes this insecurity in part to a “still struggling” economy, stagnant wages and tight household budgets. Yet — and this is a key finding of the report — financial security rises as people take steps to manage their finances and plan for their financial future.
“When employees engage in employer-sponsored benefits programs — when they use the programs to plan for the future and take action on the planning — they feel more secure,” says Crain. “When they don’t take steps, they feel less secure.”
That lack of action leads to greater uncertainty about finances, and more stress. Six in 10 employees polled by BoA/Merrill Lynch report feeling “somewhat” or “very stressed” about their finances.
Much of the stress stems from budgetary shortfalls. Nearly 3 in 10 survey respondents (and almost 4 in 10 millennials) say they have an “unmanageable amount of debt.” Such liabilities leaved them financially exposed: Eight in 10 workers say that being away from work would be “difficult” or set off a “major crisis.”
To ward off the worst, and put their finances on sound footing, more workers are turning to benefits programs. And, critically, they’re engaging in planning.
That’s evident in the stark differences the study observed between “very secure” and “not at secure” employees. The first group is more likely than the second to have a firm grasp of how much savings they’ll need for retirement (71 percent as compared to 7 percent, respectively). They’re also more likely to have a strategy to spend-down savings in retirement (69 percent vs. 18 percent), and to think about health savings accounts (HSAs) as a long-term medical savings vehicle.
Says Crain: “People who plan, are more secure and contribute to [employer-sponsored] retirement programs think they’ll need a lot more at retirement.”
Employees who use workplace financial planning tools tend to be better prepared for retirement than those who don’t. (Photo: iStock)
Just how much retirement savings do well-prepared American workers believe they’ll need to fund their golden years? More $1 million, or about $40,000 annually.
At the same time, many employees continue to significantly underestimate how much they’ll need in retirement. Sixty-one percent of workers peg the requisite nest egg at less than $1 million. And 40 percent think they can get by on less than $500,000 — this despite the fact that healthcare costs in retirement are (according to HealthView Services) forecasted to top $400,000 for a couple retiring at age 65.
To cover rising healthcare expenses, more employers are availing their workers of health savings accounts. Typically paired with high-deductible health insurance plans, HSAs let employees pay for qualified medical expenses with tax-free dollars. Employees also can set aside unused dollars for post-retirement healthcare expenses or (subject to income tax) cover other retirement needs.
That winning combination, says Crain, helps explain why HSAs are among the fastest-growing employer-sponsored programs: There are now more than 15 million such accounts nationwide.
The percentage of employees surveyed by BoA/Merrill who say they participate in HSAs grew by almost half over a two-year period: In 2015, participation stood at 54 percent, up from 38 percent in 2013.
But Crain notes that workers (most notably millennials) are still largely using HSAs to cover short-term medical bills: Just over half of HSA participants (53 percent) consider them short-term health savings vehicles, as compared 43 percent who see them as long-term vehicles.
“Account holders are mostly using HSAs like flexible spending accounts,” says Crain. “They’re spending the money right away on medical expenses rather than letting the savings accumulate for the long-term like a 401(k) plan.”
Crain adds that he thinks this will change over time as HSAs become more tightly integrated with 401(k) plans, and if amounts that employees are eligible to contribute to the accounts increase. He points to a proposal before Congress to double the yearly contribution cap.
Whether the long-term dollars that younger plan participants put aside will carry them through retirement remains an open question. Crain notes millennials are “good savers” but “not happy investors.” As a result, they tend to favor more conservative investments like money market and stable value funds, and eschew more growth-oriented vehicles that should be part of a well-rounded portfolio.