The ghosts of cigarettes past continue to damage the oral health of former smokers.
Researchers at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) look at the relationship between oral health and smoking in a study based on data from the CDC’s 2008 National Health Interview Survey.
The researchers found that 16% of current smokers with teeth had poor oral health status, compared with just 4% of the survey participants with teeth who had never smoked.
About 8% of the former smokers with teeth were in poor oral health. They were only half as likely as the smokers to have problems with their teeth and mouth, but twice as likely to have problems as participants who had never smoked.
About 55% of never smokers ages 18 to 64 reported having no oral health problems within the previous 6 months, compared with just 36% of the current smokers and 45% of the former smokers.
MORE REBATE CLUES
Executives at Coventry Health Care Inc., Bethesda, Md. (NYSE:CVH), talked some about the effects of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) minimum medical loss ratio (MLR) rules during their earnings call.
Coventry is reporting $86 million net income for the fourth quarter of 2011 on $3.1 billion in revenue, compared with $150 million in net income on $3 billion in revenue for the comparable quarter in 2010.
The drop in earnings was due largely to a legal settlement with health care providers in Louisiana, the company says.
Company executives emphasized during the call that the company has diversified its revenue base and now gets about half of its business from Medicare and Medicaid plans.