Close Close

Regulation and Compliance > Federal Regulation > FINRA

Fake Facebook Pre-IPO Shares Defraud Investors, FINRA Warns

Your article was successfully shared with the contacts you provided.

Sales offers to pre-IPO shares of well-known social media companies, including Facebook, are scams that bilk the public by peddling non-existent securities of these companies, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) said in a warning this month.

The scams seize upon investor demand for shares of the private stock of high-profile companies, FINRA said in an investor alert, “Pre-IPO Offerings — These Scammers Are Not Your Friends.”

FINRA noted that pre-IPO speculation involves buying unregistered shares in a private company before the initial public offering (IPO) of securities. While a company can indeed sell its unregistered shares in private placements, FINRA said, these investments can be fraught with risk and are typically open to a select group of investors who meet certain income or asset thresholds.

“While most pre-IPO offerings are legitimate, some are frauds in which con artists sell shares they do not actually have,” FINRA said in a news release. “Recently, FINRA became aware of potentially fraudulent schemes to sell purported shares of Facebook.”

In related news, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently settled a civil action against a self-employed securities trader who allegedly bilked more than 50 U.S. and foreign investors out of more than $9.6 million in a series of pre-IPO scams involving purported shares of Google, Facebook and other well-known companies.

“Investors might think they are getting in on the ground floor of innovative social media companies, but instead find that they may have handed over real money for non-existent shares. Any investor who receives an unsolicited offer to invest in a pre-IPO company should walk away,” said John Gannon, FINRA senior vice president for investor education.

FINRA asks investors who believe they have been defrauded, or treated unfairly by a securities professional or firm, to file a complaint. More information is available at

The Pre-IPO Offerings alert advises investors to separate legitimate private placements from pre-IPO scams by:

  • Avoiding any unsolicited pre-IPO offer. Investors should ask themselves, “Why would a total stranger tell me about a really great investment opportunity?”
  • Being alert to persuasion tactics. Virtually all pre-IPO scams rely on the same recipe for a con: dangling the prospect of exclusive access to eye-popping returns at a discount if the customer acts quickly.
  • Verifying whether the person touting the stock or investment is licensed. One way to track a con artist is to search for a person’s criminal record using the Federal Bureau of Prisons Inmate Locator.
  • Using search engines to learn about a solicitation and those behind it, and getting an unbiased second opinion from a licensed investment professional or an attorney.

Read “Why Regulators Should Take a Closer Look at Risks of Private Placement Securities” at


© 2023 ALM Global, LLC, All Rights Reserved. Request academic re-use from All other uses, submit a request to [email protected]. For more information visit Asset & Logo Licensing.