10. Kansas | State income tax: 3.1% (on taxable income of $15,000 or less for single filers; $30,000 or less for joint filers) — 5.7% (on taxable income over $30,000 for single filers; over $60,000 for joint filers) | Effective income tax rate: 4.04% for single filers; 5.04% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 8.67% | Average property tax: $1,491 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 24.03 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
9. Iowa | State income tax: 0.33% (on taxable income of $1,638 or less) — 8.53% (on taxable income over $73,710) | Effective income tax rate: 4.43% for single filers; 7.03% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 6.82% | Average property tax: $1,678 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 30.5 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
8. Ohio | State income tax: 0% (on taxable income of $21,750 or less) — 4.797% (on taxable income over $217,400) | Effective income tax rate: 1.81% for single filers; 4.83% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 7.17% | Average property tax: $1,641 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 38.51 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
7. Pennsylvania | State income tax: 3.07% (flat) | Effective income tax rate: 5.07% for both single and joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 6.34% | Average property tax: $1,674 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 58.7 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
6. Nebraska | State income tax: 2.46% (on taxable income of $3,230 or less for single filers; $6,440 or less for joint filers) — 6.84% (on taxable income over $31,160 for single filers; over $62,320 for joint filers) | Effective income tax rate: 3.23% for single filers; 5.22% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 6.88% | Average property tax: $1,855 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 30.6 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)

Advertisement

5. New Jersey | State income tax: 1.4% (on taxable income of $20,000 or less) — 10.75% (on taxable income over $5 million) | Effective income tax rate: 1.53% for single filers; 3.37% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 6.6% | Average property tax: $2,530 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 41.4 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
4. Wisconsin | State income tax: 4% (on taxable income of $11,450 or less for single filers; $15,270 or less for joint filers) — 7.65% (on taxable income over $252,150 for single filers; over $336,200 for joint filers) | Effective income tax rate: 2.59% for single filers; 4.95% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 5.44% | Average property tax: $1,924 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 32.9 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
3. New York | State income tax: 4% (on taxable income of $8,500 or less for single filers; $17,150 or less for joint filers) — 8.82% (on taxable income over $1,077,550 for single filers; over $2,155,350 for joint filers) | Effective income tax rate: 5.03% for single filers; 6.33% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 8.49% | Average property tax: $1,812 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 45.96 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
2. Connecticut | State income tax: 3% (on taxable income of $10,000 or less for single filers; $20,000 or less for joint filers) — 6.99% (on taxable income over $500,000 for single filers; over $1 million for joint filers) | Effective income tax rate: 2.03% for single filers; 5.19% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 6.35% | Average property tax: $2,114 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 42.11 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)
1. Illinois | State income tax: 4.95% (flat) | Effective income tax rate: 4.95% for single filers; 4.63% for joint filers | Average state and local sales tax: 8.78% | Average property tax: $2,408 per $100,000 in home value | Gas taxes and fees: 54.98 cents per gallon (Photo: Shutterstock)

Advertisement

(Related: Top 10 Tax-Friendly States: 2019)

If you’re thinking of relocating to another state, it’s a good idea to consider how the 2017 tax reform law affected taxes in that state.

The shakeup, Kiplinger tax editor Rocky Mengle said in a statement, “makes it harder to tell how a person’s state taxes line up with those of a similarly situated person in a neighboring state.”

Kiplinger’s latest ranking of states according to their tax friendliness provides comparisons to determine which are the most and least friendly.

Kiplinger editors compiled the 2019 list by using a formula to compare the tax burden in the 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. A state’s tax friendliness was the sum of several taxes, including the typically most significant ones: income tax, property tax, sales tax and fuel tax.

All 10 of the least tax friendly states impose an income tax, compared with six of the 10 friendliest ones, which do not. Three of these uninviting states charge among the highest gas taxes in the country, and three have among the highest sales taxes.

Kiplinger noted that its tax map was a companion project of its annual retiree tax map.

Check out the gallery for Kiplinger’s 2019 ranking of the 10 least tax-friendly states.

— Related on ThinkAdvisor: