(Bloomberg) — The Treasury market is starting to show renewed inflation expectations, giving the Federal Reserve more latitude to raise interest rates while most of the world’s other major central banks add to monetary stimulus.
The debt markets’ outlook for the pace of inflation during next five years has risen on more than half of the trading days this year. The yield on 10-year Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, known as TIPS, auctioned yesterday at 0.315 percent, below the 0.346 percent forecast in a Bloomberg News survey, and reached as low as 0.11 percent Friday in New York, as investors sought protection against price increases.
While weak economic output in Europe, Japan and China has dimmed the global outlook, the recent pick-up in U.S. inflation expectations may give the Fed additional support to contract policy. Labor Department data released this month showed the U.S. unemployment rate fell in December to a six-year low of 5.6 percent.
“Some of the headwinds have started to ease up,” said Michael Pond, head of global inflation-linked research at Barclays Plc, one of 22 primary dealers required to bid at U.S. government-debt auctions.
Fed Chair Janet Yellen has signaled that momentum in the labor market will likely enable the central bank to increase near-zero policy interest rates in the middle of the year. The European Central Bank announced a sovereign debt buying program and central banks of Canada to Denmark cut rates.