American taxpayers across the political spectrum generally agree on what would make for a “fair” tax system on the state and local level, but a new study shows that no state has such a tax structure.

The personal finance social network WalletHub on Monday announced the findings of its annual report on the most and least fair state tax systems.

Americans surveyed for the study showed a strong preference for a progressive structure, considering a fair state and local tax system one that taxes upper-income households at a higher rate than lower-income ones.

In that regard, current state and local tax systems, on average, are extremely unfair, according to a Wallethub statement, as “virtually every state has a regressive state and local tax structure.”

The research showed that both “blue” states and “red” states overtaxed the poor and undertaxed the wealthy, relative to what respondents thought was fair.

The wealthy top 1% was most undertaxed in Wyoming, Alaska and South Dakota, while the poor in Washington, Illinois and Florida bore the heaviest tax burden, according to the study.

The middle class was most overtaxed in Arkansas, New York and Hawaii.

To rank the states, WalletHub conducted a nationally representative online survey of 1,050 individuals to assess what Americans thought a fair state and local tax system looked like, then compared what respondents thought was fair with data on the real structure of tax systems in all 50 states.

Following are WalletHub’s 10 fairest and 10 least fair tax states, with each one’s standing among all states in terms of its dependence on property taxes, sales and excise taxes, income and other taxes (1 = least dependent).  BEST STATES:

Skier on the slopes at a Killington Resort. (Photo: AP)

10: Vermont

Dependence on property taxes: 47

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 14

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 13

Dependence on other taxes: 15

Baltimore Inner Harbor.

9: Maryland

Dependence on property taxes: 17

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 8

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 45

Dependence on other taxes: 24

Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, CA. (Photo: AP)

8: California

Dependence on property taxes: 21

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 16

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 40

Dependence on other taxes: 25 

University of Minnesota marching band. (Photo: AP)

7: Minnesota

Dependence on property taxes: 20

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 24

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 37

Dependence on other taxes: 20

New Cape Henry Lighthouse in Virginia.

6: Virginia

Dependence on property taxes: 31

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 11

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 39

Dependence on other taxes: 26

Great Big Idaho Potato Truck in Boise.

5: Idaho

Dependence on property taxes: 16

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 28

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 30

Dependence on other taxes: 29

Old Capitol building in Dover, Delaware.

4: Delaware

Dependence on property taxes: 49

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 3

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 38

Dependence on other taxes: 49

Aerial view of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina

3: South Carolina

Dependence on property taxes: 29

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 27

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 16

Dependence on other taxes: 32

Hawthorne bridge and Portland skyline.

2: Oregon

Dependence on property taxes: 34

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 1

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 46

Dependence on other taxes: 41

Glacier National Park in Montana.

1: Montana

Dependence on property taxes: 38

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 5

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 23

Dependence on other taxes: 46

WORST STATES:

Knoxville skyline and Sunsphere.

10. Tennessee

Dependence on property taxes: 12

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 49

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 3

Dependence on other taxes: 39

Alamo in San Antonio. (Photo: AP)

9: Texas

Dependence on property taxes: 45

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 38

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): N/A

Dependence on other taxes: 40

Grand Canyon and Colorado River in Arizona. (Photo: AP)

8: Arizona

Dependence on property taxes: 33

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 39

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 7

Dependence on other taxes: 4

City Hall of Jackson, Miss. (Photo: AP)

7: Mississippi

Dependence on property taxes: 14

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 40

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 12

Dependence on other taxes: 21

Indiana capitol building.

6: Indiana

Dependence on property taxes: 24

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 32

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 26

Dependence on other taxes: 8

Miami Skyline. (Photo: AP)

5: Florida

Dependence on property taxes: 43

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 41

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 2

Dependence on other taxes: 28

Buckingham Fountain in Chicago.

4: Illinois

Dependence on property taxes: 44

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 20

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 11

Dependence on other taxes: 17

Night skyline of Little Rock.

3: Arkansas

Dependence on property taxes: 1

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 46

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 28

Dependence on other taxes: 12

Waikiki Beach in Honolulu.

2: Hawaii

Dependence on property taxes: 6

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 43

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): 21

Dependence on other taxes: 14

A view of Seattle's Space Needle and skyline. (Photo: AP)

1: Washington

Dependence on property taxes: 22

Dependence on sales and excise taxes: 50

Dependence on income (personal and corporate taxes): N/A

Dependence on other taxes: 31

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