WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress reopened the U.S. government Thursday and signed off on more borrowing so America could pay its bills, quelling a deep political and fiscal crisis. But the deal only pushed the unsolved and bitter ideological battle a few months into the future.
Hundreds of thousands of federal staff began returning to work on Thursday after the legislation passed both houses of Congress late Wednesday and was signed into law by President Barack Obama just after midnight. The deal was welcomed around the world, but anxiety persisted about America’s long-term stability. The fiscal feud could resume as new deadlines in January and February near, though Republicans might not be so eager for another fight after seeing the party’s approval plummet to record lows.
The impasse, fought over government spending in general and Obama’s new health care program in particular, had shuttered national parks and monuments, and mostly closed down agencies NASA and the Environmental Protection Agency. Critical functions of government went on as usual, but the closure and potential default weighed on the economy and spooked the financial markets. Standard & Poor’s estimated the shutdown has taken $24 billion out of the economy.
Obama hailed the legislation — which adhered strictly to the terms he laid down when the twin crises erupted more than three weeks ago. “We’ll begin reopening our government immediately and we can begin to lift this cloud of uncertainty from our businesses and the American people,” he said.
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Republican House Speaker John Boehner said: “We fought the good fight. We just didn’t win.”
As the deal came together earlier Wednesday, the stock market surged on the prospect of an end to the crisis that had threatened to shake confidence in the U.S. economy both at home and abroad.
IMF managing director Christine Lagarde welcomed the deal but said the shaky American economy needs more stable long-term finances.
“It will be essential to reduce uncertainty surrounding the conduct of fiscal policy by raising the debt limit in a more durable manner,” Lagarde said in a statement.
The Republican-controlled House of Representatives voted 285-144 in favor of the bill, even though most Republicans voted against it. In the Democrat-controlled Senate, approval was even more lopsided, 81-18.
House Republicans sparked the crisis on Oct. 1 when they refused to fund the government unless Obama agreed to defund or delay his health care law, known as “Obamacare.” The government shutdown was soon overshadowed when House Republicans also refused to up the government’s borrowing authority so the U.S. could pay its bills, raising the specter of a catastrophic default. Obama refused to budge, proclaiming repeatedly that he would not to pay a “ransom” in order to get Congress to pass normally routine legislation.
Conservative Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas championed the Republican strategy of using both deadlines as weapons that could be used to gut Obama’s Affordable Care Act, which launched its online exchanges for millions of uninsured Americans on Oct 1. The Democrats fended off every challenge to Obamacare, while Republicans in the House failed to collect enough votes to pass their own plan to end the bitter standoff.