WASHINGTON (AP) — The fiscal cliff debate is splitting the business community over taxes, driving a wedge between two natural Republican allies: the nation’s corporate leaders who are helping strengthen President Barack Obama’s bargaining position and the small businessadvocates bristling over the prospect of higher taxes.
Obama has been courting top CEOs, inviting them to the White House for fiscal cliff consultations, and they have responded by being open to Obama’s demand that tax rates go up on household income above $250,000. In turn, Obama has promised to consider changes in the tax code that would lower corporate tax rates.
Most small businesses, however, pay at individual income tax rates and the biggest earners among them would have to pay higher taxes if Obama succeeds in winning an increase in the top two marginal tax rates. They could face even higher tax payments if an overhaul of the tax code does away with business deductions or credits they now claim.
“This sort of laser-like focus on corporate-only tax reform that we keep seeing coupled with revenues on the individual side is definitely a concern for us,” said Chris Whitcomb, the top tax lawyer at the National Federation of Independent Business.
Leading Republicans have been quick to portray the rift in populist terms, casting Obama as a big business ally and the GOP as champions of small businesses.
For Obama, it is an unlikely role that underscores his own complicated relationship with the business community. Republicans in the past have criticized him for not consulting enough with the private sector.
Early in his term, Obama characterized Wall Street executives and bankers as “fat cats” and he has singled out oil and gas companies for their tax subsidies. But he also has won appreciation for expanding the government rescue of the auto industry and has promoted some tax breaks for small business.
Most recently, 158 CEOs from major corporations, all members of the influential BusinessRoundtable, signed a letter to Obama and Congress voicing support for tax revenue “whether by increasing rates, eliminating deductions, or some combination thereof.” The stance put them at odds with House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, and the Senate’s Republican leader, Mitch McConnell, of Kentucky, who repeatedly have voiced opposition to raising tax rates.
The CEOs also called for more spending cuts than Obama. But the stance on rates was notable for the number of signatories the letter attracted, including Republican allies like Caterpillar CEO Doug Oberhelman, who endorsed Mitt Romney for president, and Rex Tillerson, Exxon’s CEO, and Michael Duke, president and CEO of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. The Business Roundtable’s president is Michigan’s former Republican governor, John Engler.
Coinciding with this week’s business support was Obama’s new fiscal cliff offer specifying his willingness to make changes in corporate taxes in 2013. But the offer included proposals Obama has been making for some time, including a 28 percent tax rate, down from 35 percent, for most corporations and a goal of 25 percent for manufacturers.
White House aides, however, say Obama will not yield on one key demand from multinational companies: their desire for a system that doesn’t tax them in the U.S. for profits earned overseas. It’s an idea Obama’s own Export Council has endorsed.
But Obama trampled on the proposal during the presidential campaign after Romney embraced it. Obama criticized the idea as a job-killing proposal that would reward companies for taking jobs overseas.