The number of adult day services centers has increased 35% in the United States since 2002, a report from the MetLife Mature Market Institute reported Tuesday.
The report, which was conducted with the National Adult Day Services Association and The Ohio State University College of Social Work, found these centers provided care for approximately 260,000 people, and 29% of centers have a waiting list.
In 2002, the report found, there were eight patients for every worker in an adult day service center. In 2010, the ratio has dropped to 1:6. In addition to more focused care, the level of service has improved as well. The vast majority of these centers provide "cognitive stimulation" programs (90%) and 80% have memory training. Eighty percent of service centers have a professional nursing staff, and half have a social work professional.
Fifty-eight percent of participants are women, and 30% are under 65. The average participant, according to the report, is a 65-year-old white female with dementia, hypertension, or a physical disability which requires help with at least one activity of daily living and medication management. Over one-quarter of participants live with an adult child; 21% live with a spouse and 20% live alone.
A recent Genworth report on caregivers found nearly half of people who serve as the primary caregiver for a family member reported they have lost a job, changed shifts or missed a career opportunity as a result.