The Washington-based nation is reporting a $665 billion loss for 2017 on $3.3 trillion in revenue, compared with a $585 billion loss on $3.3 trillion in revenue for 2016.
The U.S. government functions as a conglomerate in which the core health and retirement benefits programs accounted for about 48% of spending in 2017. Those programs also accounted for about 48% of spending in 2016.
(Related: Social Security Trust Funds Post Higher Gain)
Total U.S. outlays increased 3.3% between 2016 and 2017, to about $4 trillion.
Total U.S. revenue increased just 1.5%.
Revenue from the United States’ core individual income tax, corporate income tax, Social Security tax, Medicare tax and estate and gift tax programs increased 3.1%, to $3 trillion.
Growth in Social Security tax and estate tax revenue was especially strong: Social Security payroll tax revenue increased 5.1%, to $851 billion, and estate and gift tax revenue jumped 9.5%, to $23 billion.
But the Federal Reserve System contributed just $81 billion in earnings to the U.S. Treasury in 2017, down about 30%, from $116 billion, in 2016.
The United States as a whole generated about $19.4 trillion in “gross domestic product” (GDP), or national income, for 2017, up from $18.6 trillion in 2016.
Because of the Fed’s drop in earnings, the deficit amounted to 3.4% of GDP in 2017, up from 3.1% of GDP in 2016.
If the Fed had done as well in 2017 as in 2016, the deficit would have increased only slightly, to 3.2% of GDP.
The U.S. government released its 2017 results together with budget proposal for fiscal year 2019, which starts Oct. 1.