Retirement should be something to look forward to. A time to indulge in favorite activities and explore new interests. A time for friends and loved ones. A time for reflection on a life well-lived. Unfortunately for many, it can instead be a period of declining living standards, gnawing worries about finances, and concern about the possibility of developing a financially, as well as physically, debilitating illness. And even for those who are better off than most, it can give rise to concerns over the quality of the legacy that one is able to leave behind.
This is especially true today, which is why planning for retirement, is more important than ever. And probably more challenging. Our increasingly interconnected world is one in which problems almost anywhere around the globe can have an almost immediate and sometimes devastating financial impact far beyond where they originate. This kind of economic action-at-a-distance can wreak havoc with markets, and hence retirements, because it can negatively impact the valuations of (and cash flows from) the assets of those who invest in them. In addition, longer life spans, undoubtedly a blessing in themselves, have created financial challenges that most of our parents and grandparents never had to worry about. These changes obviously raise a host of questions across a broad range of topics, such as how do we best care for an aging society, and how can we better protect our domestic economy from the often significant ripple effects of an increasingly wide range of potentially damaging events, no matter their point of origin? But from a personal financial planning perspective, they all boil down to one simple question: How can I be sure that my money will last as long as my retirement?
It’s a question that’s scaring people.
In fact, 61% of Americans say they are more afraid of outliving their retirement funds than they are of dying. And with good reason. Medical advances and enormous improvements in health care over the last few decades have translated into people spending far longer in retirement than ever. Most Americans will likely have retirements of 20 years or longer. And for a significant number, much longer. Statistics show that one in four 65-year-olds will live past 90. And one in 10 will live past 95. Given the likelihood of developing at least some health challenges in one’s golden years – more than 90% of older adults have at least one chronic condition – planning today for a potentially lengthy retirement can be challenging. But it’s necessary. Especially if you want a retirement that you can genuinely look forward to.
As a first step, you may want to try out one of the many free “retirement calculators” available on the Internet, to get a sense of the scale of funds you will need. But be aware that these tools may not be configured to enable you to consider all of the factors that should go into retirement planning. For example, the average couple retiring at 65 can expect to pay $220,000 in out-of-pocket medical expenses during their retirement. The average cancer patient can expect to pay more than $1,200 a month in out-of-pocket expenses. Likewise, providing for a spouse or other loved one who has a stroke, develops Alzheimer’s, or is struck by some other calamity can put tremendous stress on retirement savings. Have you planned for the possibility of having to meet these kinds of obligations?