(Bloomberg View) — In a few days, the U.S. Supreme Court will hear arguments in King vs. Burwell, and a few months after that it will decide whether the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) authorizes the Barack Obama administration to offer subsidies for health-insurance policies sold via the PPACA exchanges started and managed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Obviously, if the court rules against the government, this will have far-reaching implications for the insurance markets in the states that have those exchanges. Many people who are currently buying policies will probably decide to drop them if they have to pay full price — and the people who decide to keep buying that insurance are more likely to be those whose insurance costs exceed the monthly premiums, which is to say older and sicker people.
The problem for insurers is that they have already set their rates for 2015 — and by the time the Supreme Court issues its ruling, many will also have submitted rates for 2016. If their insurance mix suddenly changes for the worse, they stand to lose a lot of money. So the American Academy of Actuaries has sent a letter to the administration, asking that insurance companies be allowed to resubmit more appropriate rates in the event of an adverse ruling.
Obviously actuaries, who tend to work for insurers, are not exactly neutral parties on this question. Nonetheless, they’re right: Insurers should be allowed to submit new rates if the government loses in King.
Unless they are, one of two things will happen: The insurers will submit higher rates for 2016 in order to price in the legal risk, or there’s a good chance they will lose a bunch of money. Neither of those is a good outcome for Obamacare.
If insurers charge higher prices to compensate for their legal risk, there’s a good chance that if the case goes for the government, those insurers will reap windfall profits. Of course, if the administration allows repricing, premiums may be even higher. But those premiums will reflect real costs, not potential risks.
But if the case goes against the government, insurers could experience heavy losses, and that’s hardly a great scenario, either. Insurers who take big losses may leave the exchanges, or they could charge even higher premiums in 2017 to make up for their losses. That could be a real setback as the exchanges try to build up to a stable customer base.