You don’t need a degree in petroleum engineering to get a good job. Even political science will do.
What a majority of employers are looking for is not so much a specific major but rather a set of skills that are sorely lacking in the job market. That is the conclusion of a research paper by three City University of New York (CUNY) professors in the fields of finance, business management and statistics.
Professors Hershey Friedman, Linda Weiser Friedman and William Hampton-Sosa argue that the fact that certain majors are associated with higher starting salaries may reflect not so much those majors’ intrinsic worth as the belief that those disciplines inculcate certain desired skills.
In a global Internet age where “disciplines are converging and the job you have today may be totally different five years later,” the three CUNY professors say aspiring college students would do well “to focus on skills, not majors.”
Indeed, the evidence has accumulated that college may prove a poor investment for a large segment of students. The CUNY professors acknowledge this with data about “1 million retail clerks, 115,000 janitors, and 15% of taxi drivers” with college degrees
For that reason, they say the acquisition of 10 “essential, fundamental skills, abilities and values” is of more enduring value than the mere mastery of “the knowledge base of a particular narrow discipline,” a notion they colorfully illustrate thusly:
“Keep in mind that dinosaurs did not become extinct because they were weak; they disappeared because they could not adapt to a changing environment.”
So young Americans: Ask not what to major in, ask whether you can offer these 10 qualities to your future employer:
A survey of 225 employers Friedman, Friedman and Hampton-Sosa cite puts communication skills at the very top of the list (98%) of traits they are seeking in job candidates.
“Communications skills today include being able to use social media as well as various technologies (email, Twitter, PowerPoint, etc.) to get your message across,” they write.
Because the defining feature of business is the disruptive chaos of the global Internet age, “businesses that are going to survive have to be nimble and creative,” the CUNY professors write.
For that reason, employers are seeking students with entrepreneurial qualities. The authors cite a provocative study suggesting that “students with double majors are stronger in the ability to think integratively and creatively than those with single majors.”
The constant and rapid pace of technology-induced change necessitate employees who are adaptable, a quality that employers find is lacking among college graduates.
The CUNY professors cite one study saying that “employers want the knowledge and skills that will be crucial not only to a student’s first job, but also to his or her second, third and fourth jobs.” Schools, too, must change, they say, or the marketplace will shunt them aside as well.
Critical Thinking / Problem Solving
Again, it is the present age’s rapid pace of change that prioritizes critical think and problem solving above the fragmented knowledge of one particular college major.
The authors cite the government’s efforts to press the adoption of a “Common Core” curriculum that promotes creative problem solving, but lament that just 26% of New York City students could pass that curriculum’s English exam and 30% its math test.