The analysis by the Employee Benefits Security Administration division of the Department of Labor shows there were 632,970 DC plans that year, the latest for which data was available.
That’s down from the 638,390 plans recorded in 2011 and even further from the 669,157 in 2008. The financial crisis set off a streak of four consecutive years in declines in the total number of DC plans.
The EBSA data shows that the decline began even before the Great Recession, a time marked by corporate bankruptcies and business closures.
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In 2000, there were 686,878 DC plans, a historical high. By 2003, the number had fallen to 652,976 and by 2004 to 635,567.
But the 2012 decline in DC plans (0.8 percent from 2011) is offset by the fact that the total number of participants increased by 2.5 percent. About 75.5 million people participated in DC plans in 2012, up from 73.7 million the previous year.
What happened? The data shows that larger plans got even larger, while smaller businesses were pulling back.
There were 76,320 DC plans with more than 100 participants in 2012. That was an increase of 1,000 plans over the previous year.
On the other hand, smaller employers were pulling out of the DC market. In 2012, there were 556,650 DC plans with fewer than 100 participants, down by about 6,500 plans from 2011.
Year-over-year data since 2000 has mostly shown declines in the number of plans offered with fewer than 100 participants, with a small exception in increases in the two years preceding the 2008 financial crisis.
In 2000, there were 629,245 plans with fewer than 100 participants, more DC plans than have ever been offered to small-business employees.