WASHINGTON (AP) — Distinctly unpopular among voters and a scant presence in most congressional districts, federal workers have become an easy target in the hunt for budget savings.
Their retirement programs are notably generous compared to the norm in private industry. But for federal workers hired after 2012, the pension program is turning less generous.
Most federal civilian employees hired beginning in January will contribute 4.4 percent of their pay to their pension plans under the House-passed budget bill the Senate is expected to approve this week. Government workers hired in 2013 will continue paying 3.1 percent of their gross pay to help cover their pensions; those on the federal payroll before then, 0.8 percent.
“It’s insane they should be expected to fund government,” said Jackie Simon, policy director for the American Federation for Government Employees, the union representing 630,000 federal workers. “It’s a big country. The burden should be spread more broadly.”
But with pensions for nongovernment workers on a path toward extinction, federal employees get little sympathy from some experts.
“Their private sector counterparts would be jealous of the benefits they’re maintaining,” said John Ehrhardt, a principal at the actuarial and consulting firm Milliman.
While 38 percent of private industry workers received pensions in 1979, just 14 percent did so in 2011, the most recent figures from the Employee Benefit Research Institute, which advocates for benefit programs.
Besides retaining their pensions, most federal workers also can contribute to a 401(k)-like savings program, the Thrift Savings Plan.
That combination is far better than what’s available to most private industry workers. In 2011, only 11 percent of employees in the private sector had both savings plans and monthly pension payments, according to the research institute.
For federal workers, the government matches up to the first 5 percent of employees’ contributions to their retirement savings.
Only about four in 10 companies offer retirement savings plans, a number that’s been growing. The most common practice is for employers to match half what workers contribute up to the first 6 percent of pay, according to an industry survey.
Federal workers and their supporters argue that their pensions can’t be considered in a vacuum.