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Portfolio > Economy & Markets

S&P 500 Jumps 3% After Washout as Bond Yields Sink

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Stocks kicked off the week with big gains after suffering their worst September in two decades as Treasury yields halted a seemingly endless surge, with weak U.S. manufacturing data soothing concern that the Federal Reserve will overtighten monetary policy.

As a sign of exhaustion of the recent selling, 97% of the S&P 500 shares flashed green, with the gauge up about 3% and on pace for its best day since June.

Aside from being oversold from a technical perspective, extreme pessimism and low fund positioning also fueled a rebound that followed its third-worst performance during the first nine months of a year since 1931.

In a world of bad-economic-news-is-good-news as far as Fed policy goes, a drop in the Institute for Supply Management’s gauge of factory activity suggested the economy may be faltering — reducing the urgency for more aggressive hikes.

Equities also managed to gain even in the face of Credit Suisse Group AG’s market turmoil and disappointing deliveries from Tesla Inc.

‘Lower Lows’ to Come

“The market is oversold, and sentiment is extremely negative, so a bounce … even a sharp one … could happen at any time,” wrote Matt Maley, chief market strategist at Miller Tabak + Co. “However, we see lower-lows before the ultimate bottom is reached for this bear market … as the stock market has not fully priced-in a recession.”

With the equity bounce, the Cboe Volatility Index — the market’s so-called fear gauge — tumbled back below 30. The VIX closed above that threshold every day last week.

Nicholas Colas at DataTrek Research said Friday he’d like to see the gauge closing over that mark for several more days before believing on a “tradeable low.”

Treasuries surged across the curve, with the five-year yield at one point plummeting over 30 basis points. The 10-year rate sank to 3.6% after recently topping 4% and climbing for nine straight weeks. Swaps tied to Fed policy meeting dates fell sharply for early 2023.

The March meeting contract’s rate currently suggests a peak policy rate of 4.40% next year, down from recent highs above 4.60%.

The dollar slipped, yet the latest MLIV Pulse survey showed the greenback is expected to hit new highs over the next month. Gold surged.

U.S. coal prices surged past $200 for the first time as a global energy crunch drives up demand for the dirtiest fossil fuel. Oil rallied as the OPEC+ alliance considers slashing production to revive prices when it meets this week.

Yardeni’s Views

The Fed should consider stopping its tightening campaign after one more rate hike in November, according to Ed Yardeni, who coined terms like “Fed Model” and “bond vigilantes.”

The stress in financial markets from big rate increases, a surging dollar and quantitative tightening has reached the point that officials should make financial stability the top priority, he added.

“Investors are starting to doubt central banks globally will remain aggressive with fighting inflation as financial stability risks are growing,” said Ed Moya, senior market analyst at Oanda. “It is too early to call for a Fed pivot, but it seems the action in Treasury markets suggests traders are growing confident that the global growth slowdown is starting to drag down pricing pressures.”

More Turbulence Ahead

Despite the rebound in stocks and bonds, markets are bracing for more turbulence as a crucial reading on the still-tight U.S. labor market is set to give traders a chance to reassess the Fed’s commitment to its aggressive path of rate hikes.

Friday’s release of September job figures looms as a test of the central bank’s plan to rein in inflation by tightening policy further and unwinding its mammoth balance sheet.

Brazilian assets soared after President Jair Bolsonaro secured his way to a runoff election against Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as investors cheered on the incumbent’s better-than-expected showing and bet his leftist challenger will be forced to moderate his stances in the second stretch of the race. The real was the best-performing among the world’s major currencies Monday.

After two consecutive months of declines, Bitcoin advocates are hoping that the largest cryptocurrency reverts to form in October, which has typically been one of its best months for gains. The virtual currency tends to rise roughly 25% in October and has, since 2015, advanced more than 85% of the time during it, according to Bespoke Investment Group.

Traders are betting it will take a bigger UK government policy U-turn to restore credibility with markets. Wagers against the pound over the next year have climbed to a record high in the options market, even after Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng said he will scrap a proposed tax cut for the country’s highest earners.


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