The U.S. economy was one of the first to recover from the negative effects of the pandemic, with strong residential investment and consumer spending boosting real GDP by 5.7% in 2021. However, upward economic momentum has started to ebb in recent months.
A new white paper from the Economist Intelligence Unit forecasts that U.S. economic growth will slow sharply over this year and next, owing to stubbornly high inflation, rising interest rates and stalling growth elsewhere.
The EIU expects consumer demand to be resilient enough to avoid an outright recession, thanks in part to the tight labor market and strong household balance sheets. But this does not mean that a recession is completely off the cards. The white paper explores three scenarios that could lead to a recession.
See the gallery for three main downside risks to the U.S. economic outlook and potential triggers for a recession.