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Vanguard Outage Points to Broader Customer Service Woes

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What You Need to Know

  • Vanguard's lack of communication during the partial outage in December drew criticism.
  • Customer service challenges have been a recurring theme in Vanguard's history, a Morningstar analyst says.
  • But customers including Bill Winterberg are still drawn to the firm's unique shared ownership structure.

Although Vanguard’s recent website issues have been resolved, questions are being raised about the firm’s customer service, including client communications, and the outsourcing of back-office functions such as trade confirmations and account statements.

For at least a week in late December, investors were unable to access certain statements, transaction confirmations and tax forms because of a service interruption at a third-party technology vendor, who remains unidentified.

Affected customers took to social media and message boards like to air their complaints about the partial outage — which came just before year-end when they needed access to account information for tax purposes and required retirement account withdrawals.

Vanguard apologized for the website issues and assured customers it was working on a resolution. By Dec. 30, the issues were resolved and, according to a Vanguard spokesman, they “had no impact on the management of our funds or the holdings in client accounts.”

“I wish Vanguard would have been more proactive in investor communications and correspondence in resolving their matter rather than investors going to their own message boards,” said Bill Winterberg, founder and president of, a consulting firm that helps advisors adopt technology in their practices.

Vanguard did eventually alert investors about the problems when they logged into their accounts, but that was days after the problem arose. It did not email investors about the problems nor post an alert on social media like Facebook or Twitter or Instagram.

Investors calling into the firm’s customer service department were told of long wait times and the option to receive a call back.

“Customer services and the challenge of growing and serving customers has been a theme in Vanguard’s history,” added Lucas. “There have been technical glitches and Vanguard prioritizes trying to fix those, but obviously what happened right before the holiday is an indication by their own admission that they have room for improvement.”

He noted that investors using Vanguard’s phone system need to “be willing to be called back.”

“That’s a downside to having your assets at Vanguard,” said Alec Lucas, a strategist in manager research at Morningstar. “They have strides they have to make.”

Among the ways Vanguard is trying to fix problems is spending “significant amount of money to improve technology” — several years ago, CEO Tim Buckley talked about spending $1 billion annually on technology — and, according to Lucas, the creation of a client experience lab.

But Lucas and others acknowledge the need for the $8 trillion fund giant to do more, including hiring more staff available for customer service online and by phone and potentially developing redundancy in its technology system.

Winterberg recommends that Vanguard “reassess and update its investor community strategy.  In every breakdown there is an opportunity for a breakthrough.”

Asked whether the latest snafu gives him pause of continuing as a Vanguard client, Winterberg said no. “I can understand their position,” he said. “As they grow significantly in size some of these issues will grow, but I’m able to participate in Vanguard’s ownership structure and benefit year after year as total costs go down. Nobody else in the industry offers that.”

Lucas noted that Vanguard funds often beat their competition because of those lower fees. For example, he noted that the Vanguard Total Stock Market ETF (VTI) has regularly beaten similar funds from Fidelity, iShares and Schwab.