Bond investors are running from anything that smells of interest-rate risk.
Investors pulled billions of dollars from exchange-traded funds that track longer duration fixed-income plays, as Treasury yields resumed their upward march. In fact, the top four outflows for U.S.-listed ETFs on Tuesday were all fixed-income related, as investors also yanked cash from funds stuffed with junk bonds, according to Christian Fromhertz, chief executive officer of Tribeca Trade Group.
The yield on benchmark 10-year bonds ticked up as high as 3.24% Wednesday, after dripping lower Tuesday in the wake of Monday’s holiday. Previously, investors had gotten used to ignoring bump ups in rates, since every time they hit 3 percent, they came back down, said Bloomberg Intelligence ETF analyst Eric Balchunas.
“But this one has broken through, so investors are nervous. This is a sign that investors do not think that rising rates are crying wolf,” Balchunas said. “There’s less safe spaces where bond ETFs are not negative on the year, and that’s why you’re seeing more extreme flows. Rising rates have shaken things up for real this time.”
The iShares Core U.S. Aggregate Bond ETF, known by its ticker AGG, saw outflows of nearly $2 billion on Tuesday. It was the biggest single outflow in the fund’s 15-year history. Investors also pulled close to half a billion dollars from the iShares iBoxx $ Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETF, or LQD.
AGG has about 20% of its underlying exposure to longer-dated bonds that have more than 10-year maturities. LQD has a heftier 38% exposure to that category of debt.
The two largest ETFs holding high-yielding bonds also hemorrhaged assets on Tuesday. The SPDR Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Bond ETF, or JNK, saw more than $709 million in outflows, the most since January. The iShares iBoxx High Yield Corporate Bond ETF, or HYG, saw a $809 million outflow, which followed a record $1.2 billion outflow from the fund on Friday.
While the junk bond strategies don’t have as much exposure to the longer-duration securities, they still have interest rate risk like any other bond ETF, said Mohit Bajaj, director of exchange-traded funds at WallachBeth Capital.
“The risk/reward just doesn’t justify holding these funds,” Bajaj said. “The incentive isn’t there to continue holdings positions as both equities and bonds sell-off.”
On the flip side, ETFs tracking short-term debt lured in flows. The SPDR Bloomberg Barclays 1-3 Month T-Bill ETF, or BIL, saw the eighth-largest amount of inflows among all U.S.-listed funds on Monday. Investors poured $228 million into BIL yesterday, the largest daily inflow in more than 6 months.
Editor’s Note: What Do Rising Rates Mean for Life Insurers?
Life and annuity issuers use large amounts of investment-grade bonds to back products that tend to stay in force for a long period of time, or lead to claims or payment streams that last for a long time.