It’s long been a mystery to economists: As MONEY has often noted, an immediate annuity is a great way to ensure you never run out of money in retirement; for a fixed sum upfront, you collect a monthly check for as long as you live.
So why do few people buy one? This disconnect, dubbed the annuity puzzle, has led regulators to try to add annuities to 401(k)s to encourage savers to buy them.
Turns out, savers had it right all along, even if they didn’t know why (a fear of dying young is what deters most). Almost half of retirees are better off keeping their portfolios liquid, not locked up in annuities, according to new research by Felix Reichling of the Congressional Budget Office and Kent Smetters of the Wharton School of Business.