It’s a good time to be in the long-term care insurance (LTCI) business.
New policy designs can fill most any need. And, with the revolution in the way medical care is paid for and how medical care will be delivered in the future, the public’s mind is open to change, thus enabling the LTCI industry to enter into a new growth phase, with big consequences for the channels of distribution.
The life insurance industry has had more than 200 years to evolve; LTCI products, less than 40.
The first phase was the pre-1996 “laissez-faire” era of nursing home insurance.
This was before the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). In HIPAA, the traditional definitions for defining the six ADLs (activities of daily living) and Alzheimer’s benefit triggers were standardized.
The second phase extended from 1996 to 2010 and focused primarily on development of policy variations within the basic model. Despite the industry’s exhortations and the benefit story we preached, there was only marginal consumer acceptance.
The third phase was inspired by designs permitted under the changes in the tax code made by the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA). Insurers began introducing the innovative products allowed by the PPA changes in 2010.
Today, we have three broad categories of products to solve long-term care (LTC) planning needs and satisfy consumer demand.
1. Traditional LTC, with or without inflation protection, use-it-or-lose-it benefits, and the possibility of tax benefits. This original foundation product provides pure LTC risk management. It seems to have hit its upper end of market acceptance.
2. Hybrid LTC as an alternative to a CD or asset-linked LTC product. In these products, built on a life insurance chassis, the “return” is LTC benefits, not a low-interest yield for the consumer. The customer is guaranteed to get money back in one of three ways: through generous LTC benefits (usually a nice multiple of the original premium); through the 100 percent liquidity of the cash surrender value of the policy; or through a low death benefit that is at least the same amount as the total premiums.
3. Hybrid LTC with a life insurance kicker. Actually, this model consists of life insurance combined with additional triggers that make the accelerated death benefit available for LTC needs. One advantage of using this type of hybrid LTC policy is the number of flexible premium payment schedules. This is an efficient way of building a known specified LTC benefit into a life insurance policy.