Jose Socrates, who resigned as prime minister of Portugal after austerity measures proposed by his Socialist party were defeated in a parliamentary vote, was reelected on Sunday by his party with 93% of the vote. He pledged to run in opposition to acceptance of a financial bailout, characterizing it as “foreign aid,” and roundly criticized the opposition party, whose vote against austerity measures led to the political crisis last week.
Reuters reported that Socrates was reelected as secretary general of the Socialist party and in the wake of the vote said, "I am here to face the judgment of the Portuguese. I am not afraid and I will fight for victory." He went on to add, "It is the moment for the Portuguese to choose between those who want a foreign aid program, those who want the IMF [International Monetary Fund] to come, and those who will give everything, their best for Portugal to not have to ask for foreign aid."
Portugal is faced with a debt repayment burden in the next few months that many analysts believe is questionable. While economists are mostly agreed that the country can handle its April obligations for some 4.3 billion euros ($6.05 billion) in bonds, June is the target for an additional 4.9 billion euros’ worth. The premium on Portugal’s debt is running at record levels in the wake of the government crisis; last week it topped 8%, which is considered unsustainable. After the austerity vote failed and Socrates stepped down, both Fitch’s and Standard & Poor’s downgraded the country’s rating.