Wisconsin Gov. Jim Doyle, D, has signed into law S.B. 513, which requires that a life insurance policy be in force at least five years before it can be sold in the life settlement market.

Positioned by supporters as legislation that combats stranger-originated life insurance, the bill changes the state’s older viatical settlements act, which had required only a two-year waiting period before a life policy could be sold.

S.B. 513 allows exceptions to the five-year rule, such as in cases when the policyowner has a life-threatening medical condition, the owner’s spouse or child has died, the owner gets divorced or the owner retires from full-time employment.

The law also:

–Eliminates a minimum payment tied to the life expectancy of an insured, which had been required under the old viatical law.

–Includes extensive anti-fraud provisions and requires providers and brokers to set up antifraud programs to detect, prosecute and prevent violations.

–Defines a life settlement as “an agreement regarding the terms under which compensation or anything of value will be paid…in return for the owner’s present or future assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of the death benefit or any interest in a policy.”

–Specifies the amount paid should be less than the expected death benefit but more than the cash surrender value or accelerated death benefit available under the policy at time of the life settlement application.

–Defines STOLI as “an act, practice plan, or arrangement, individually or in concert with others, to initiate a life insurance policy for the benefit of a 3rd-party investor who, at the time of policy origination, has no insurable interest in the insured.”

–Prohibits any person from acting as a provider or broker for an owner without holding a license from the commissioner.

–Stipulates many disclosures that the provider or broker must make to the policyowner who is selling the policy. These include disclosure that the broker represents the owner exclusively and owes a fiduciary duty to the owner and disclosure of the amount of the broker’s compensation, the amount of the life settlement offer, and the percentage of the life settlement represented by the broker’s compensation.

–Requires disclosure to purchasers of a policy of the experience and qualifications of the person determining the life expectancy of the insured, the information on which the projection is based, and any relationship of the projection maker to the provider.

–Requires the provider to send written notice to the insurer of the upcoming life settlement of the policy, within 20 days of an owner’s agreement to settle a policy.

Introduced to the state Senate in February, the bill was sponsored by Sen. Robert Wirch, D, chair of the Senate Consumer Protection Committee. It passed both houses by the end of April.

A copy of SB 513 is available here