Voluntary benefit sales continued to grow in 2008, according to our recently released U.S. Worksite Sales Report.
The study found that new voluntary sales in the U.S. totaled an estimated $5.225 billion, an increase of just under 4% over 2007 results. While somewhat lower than the growth rate in 2007, we believe the result is good considering the state of the economy in 2008. This is especially true for the all-important fourth quarter, when many companies see 40% or more of their annual voluntary sales.
Chart 1 shows the industry’s sales since 1997, when we began tracking voluntary sales.
In-force premium also increased in 2008, rising about 11% over 2007, bringing the estimated total in-force premium for voluntary benefits to between $17.4 billion and $22.9 billion. (Because some companies have difficulty providing their in-force premium numbers, we give a high and low estimate of this measure.)
Chart 2 shows the in-force estimates for the past 5 years.
Sales by Product
By line of business, the top selling products in 2008 were:
o Short-term disability ($809 million).
o Term life ($778 million).
o Personal injury accident ($744 million).
The products with the highest growth rates for 2008 were: term life, critical illness, and accidental death and dismemberment.
In terms of market share, disability (short-term plus long-term) and life insurance (term plus universal and whole life) held an almost identical share in overall voluntary product market share, with 22% each. Chart 3 shows the sales mix by line of business.
Group vs. Individual
The mix of products between the group and individual platforms moved somewhat in 2008, with group products increasing their share of sales to 48% or $2.5 billion. The growth rate for group products in 2008 was almost 9%, while individual sales were down slightly by 0.3%.
Chart 4 shows the detailed results since 2002.
Distribution Segment Sales
As seen over the past several years, the benefit broker distribution segment again accounted for the largest percentage of sales of any single segment (46% of total voluntary sales in 2008). Career agents came in next, with 31% of total sales.
Eastbridge has identified 5 distinct segments selling voluntary/worksite products: career agents and 4 brokerage segments: benefit brokers, classic worksite brokers, worksite specialists and occasional worksite producers.
Chart 5 shows the overall results.
Looking at the state of the market and economy today, we believe the growth rate in the short term is likely to continue in the 3% to 5% range. While the recession has had an impact on employee headcounts, we believe employers will be looking to add voluntary benefits to keep their benefit packages competitive without incurring additional cost.
Gil Lowerre is the company president and Bonnie Brazzell is vice president of Eastbridge Consulting Group Inc., Avon, Conn. Both can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org