More On Legal & Compliancefrom The Advisor's Professional Library
- The New and Improved Form ADV Whether an RIA is describing its investment strategy in advertisements or in the new Form ADV Part 2, it is important the firm articulates material risks faced by advisory clients and avoids language that might be construed as a guarantee.
- Dealings With Qualified Clients and Accredited Investors Depending upon an RIAs business model and investment strategies, it may be important to identify “qualified clients” and “accredited investors.” The Dodd-Frank Act authorized the SEC to change which clients are defined by those terms.
Fi360 told members of Congress recently that asking the Department of Labor (DOL) and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to “harmonize” their fiduciary rules would create “significant challenges,” as the fiduciary standards under securities laws and the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) are “quite different.”
Blaine Aiken, fi360’s CEO, and Duane Thompson, senior policy analyst for fi360, told members of the House Financial Services Committee that if the SEC and DOL were to truly harmonize their rules—something Congress has been pressing the agencies to do—then the agencies would be left with one of two stark choices: require the SEC to impose a higher standard commensurate with ERISA standards, or require the DOL to violate clear legislative requirements under ERISA and thereby weaken the strong fiduciary protections now afforded to retirement plan participants.
Stated another way, Aiken (far left) and Thompson (left) said, “it is our view that an act of Congress is necessary to clear up conflicting areas of the two laws and to provide both agencies with sufficient guidance to proceed if rules harmonization were the primary objective (which, by the way, we believe is neither wise nor consistent with long-standing public policies in this area of law).”
For instance, the two told lawmakers that the fiduciary standards under both laws are “historically quite different in their purpose and application, resulting in significant challenges when attempting to harmonize rules that cover retirement planning activities under each law.”
Aiken and Thompson argue that under the Advisers Act of 1940, “whether the client’s financial goal is saving patiently for the long-term to ensure financial security in retirement, or investing in penny stocks to get rich tomorrow, the fiduciary standard under the Advisers Act permits a large amount of discretion in an advisor’s decision-making process to accommodate the client’s objectives.” However, application of a fiduciary standard under ERISA is “far different,” they said, “in that it imposes fiduciary duties in addition to any specified duties of disclosure.”