Citigroup to Pay $285 Million to Settle SEC Charges on CDO Deal

The SEC charged Citigroup’s principal U.S. broker-dealer subsidiary with betting against clients who invested in the CDO as the housing market showed signs of distress

Citigroup CEO Vikram Pandit.  (Photo: AP) Citigroup CEO Vikram Pandit. (Photo: AP)

More On Legal & Compliance

from The Advisor's Professional Library
  • RIAs and Customer Identification Just as RIAs owe a duty to diligently protect their clients’ privacy and guard against theft, firms also play a vital role in customer identification. Although RIAs are not subject to an anti-money laundering rule, securities regulators expect advisors to address these issues in their policies and procedures.
  • Client Communication and Miscommunication RIA policies and procedures must specify what type of communications should be retained. The safest course of action is for RIAs to retain all communications—to clients, from clients, and about client accounts.  To comply with fiduciary obligations, communications must be thorough and not mislead.

Citigroup agreed Wednesday to pay $285 million to settle charges brought by the Securities and Exchange Commission, which charged that Citigroup’s principal U.S. broker-dealer subsidiary mislead investors in a $1 billion collateralized debt obligation transaction tied to the U.S. housing market. The SEC says that Citigroup bet against investors as the housing market showed signs of distress.

The CDO defaulted within months, leaving investors with losses while Citigroup made $160 million in fees and trading profits, the SEC said.

Citigroup consented to settle the SEC’s charges without admitting or denying the SEC’s allegations, the SEC said. The settlement, which is subject to court approval, requires Citigroup to pay $160 million in disgorgement plus $30 million in prejudgment interest and a $95 million penalty for a total of $285 million that will be returned to investors through a Fair Fund distribution. 

The SEC alleges that Citigroup Global Markets structured and marketed a CDO called Class V Funding III and exercised significant influence over the selection of $500 million of the assets included in the CDO portfolio. Citigroup, the SEC said, "then took a proprietary short position against those mortgage-related assets from which it would profit if the assets declined in value. Citigroup did not disclose to investors its role in the asset selection process or that it took a short position against the assets it helped select.”

The SEC also charged Brian Stoker, the Citigroup employee that it said was primarily responsible for structuring the CDO transaction.

The agency brought separate settled charges against Credit Suisse’s asset management unit, which served as the collateral manager for the CDO transaction, as well as the Credit Suisse portfolio manager primarily responsible for the transaction, Samir H. Bhatt.

“The securities laws demand that investors receive more care and candor than Citigroup provided to these CDO investors,” said Robert Khuzami, director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement, in a statement announcing the enforcement action. “Investors were not informed that Citgroup had decided to bet against them and had helped choose the assets that would determine who won or lost.”

Kenneth R. Lench, chief of the Structured and New Products Unit in the SEC Division of Enforcement, added, “As the collateral manager, Credit Suisse also was responsible for the disclosure failures and breached its fiduciary duty to investors when it allowed Citigroup to significantly influence the portfolio selection process.”

Reprints Discuss this story
This is where the comments go.