Every year for the past seven years Harvard Business Review releases its list of the 100 top CEOs around the globe, based on the results of performance over their entire tenure at a particular company within the S&P Global 1200 index.

Its CEO evaluations are based on three primary financial metrics:

  • Financial performance of the firm from the first day on the job until April 30, 2016
  • Country-adjusted total shareholder return, including reinvested dividends compared to industry-adjusted total shareholder return including reinvested dividends
  • Change in the firm’s market cap, adjusted for dividends, share issues and share repurchasing, based on inflation-adjusted U.S. dollars

And this year, for the first time, HBR has added another metric: corporate ESG performance, using data from Sustainalytics and CSRHub to rank a company’s behavior on environmental, social, and governance issues.

Each of the two ESG rankings has a 10% weighting while the financial rankings have a cumulative 80% weighting. Lower rankings in each set of numbers indicate stronger performance in those categories, according to an HBR spokeswoman. 

(Related: 10 Best Places for Boomers to Work: Fortune)

Among the top 20 CEOs in the latest list there are a few from banking and financial services that many advisors will be familiar with. Other CEOs of financial firms in the top 100 list for 2016 include BlackRock CEO Laurence Fink (#39), Capital One CEO Richard Fairbank (#41) and Mastercard CEO Ajaypal Banga (#64).

On average the top 100 CEOs became CEO of their companies at age 44 and have led their companies for 17 years and overseen an average 20.2% annual return. Sixteen lead companies based outside their countries of birth; 24 have MBAs and 24 have engineering degrees.

“It’s heartening to see a group of business leaders compiling track rec­ords that allow them to stick around and implement long-term strategies,” writes HBR senior editor Daniel McGinn, noting the pressures CEOs face from slow global growth, political uncertainty and in the U.S. in particular shareholder activists.

Here are the top 20 CEOs, out of 100, in Harvard Business Review, along with some key metrics:

Michael A. Mussallem, Chairman and CEO, Edwards Lifesciences. (Photo: AP)

20. Michael Mussallem, Edwards Lifesciences

Industry: Health Care

Country: U.S.

Start Year: 2000

Financial Ranking: 22

ESG Rankings: 302 (Sustainalytics), 590 (CSRHUB)

19. John Thijs, KBC 

Industry: Financial Services

Country: Belgium

Start Year: 2012

Financial Ranking: 106

ESG Rankings: 51 (Sustainalytics); 134 (CSRHUB)

Martin Gilbert, CEO of Aberdeen Asset Management. (Photo: AP) 

18. Martin Gilbert, Aberdeen Asset Management

Industry: Financial Services

Country: U.K.

Start Year: 1983

Financial Ranking: 108

ESG Rankings: 93 (Sustainalytics); 39 (CSRHUB)

17. Richard Cousins, Compass

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: U.K.

Start Year: 2006

Financial Ranking: 55

ESG Rankings: 343 (Sustainalytics);  200 (CSRHUB) 

Martin Bouygues, Chairman and CEO of Bouygues. (Photo: AP)

16. Marc Benioff, Salesforce.com

Industry: Information Technology

Country: U.S.

Start Year: 2001

Financial Ranking: 11

ESG Rankings: 424 (Sustainalytics);  458 (CSRHUB)

15. Martin Bouygues, Bouygues

Industry: Industrials

Country: France

Start Year: 1989

Financial Ranking: 77

ESG Rankings:  178 (Sustainalytics);  160 (CSRHUB)

Howard Schultz, chairman and CEO of Starbucks.

14. Howard Schultz, Starbucks

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: U.S.

Start Year: 1987 (left CEO position in 2000; resumed role in 2008)

Financial Ranking: 28

ESG Rankings: 254 (Sustainalytics); 434 (CSRHUB)

13. Florentino Perez Rodriguez, ACS

Industry: Industrials

Country: Spain

Start Year: 1993

Financial Ranking: 27

ESG Rankings: 225 (Sustainalytics); 437 (CSRHUB)

Mark Parker, President and CEO of Nike. (Photo: AP)

12. Carlos Alves De Brito, Anheuser-Busch InBev

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: Belgium

Start Year: 2005

Financial Ranking: 36

ESG Rankings: 217 (Sustainalytics); 317 (CSRHUB)

11. Mark Parker, Nike

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: U.S.

Start Year: 2006

Financial Ranking: 29

ESG Rankings:304 (Sustainalytics); 254 (CSRHUB)

Jacques Aschenbroich, CEO of Valeo. (Photo: AP)

10. Jacques Aschenbroich, Valeo

Industry: Autos

Country: France

Start Year: 2009

Financial Ranking: 74

ESG Rankings: 81 (Sustainalytics); 87 (CSRHUB)

9. Benoit Potier, Air Liquide

Industry: Materials

Country: France

Start Year: 1997

Financial Ranking:  72

ESG Rankings: 142 (Sustainalytics);  41 (CSRHUB)

Bernard Arnault, Chairman and CEO of LVMH. (Photo: AP)

8. Elmar Degenhart, Continental

Industry: Autos

Country: Germany

Start Year: 2009

Financial Ranking: 33

ESG Rankings: 153 (Sustainalytics); 335 (CSRHUB)

7. Bernard Arnault, LVMH

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: France

Start Year: 1989

Financial Ranking: 20

ESG Rankings: 257 (Sustainalytics); 236 (CSRHUB)

Jen-Hsun Huang, CEO and President of Nvidia.

6. Jen-Hsun Huang, Nvidia

Industry: Information Technology

Country: U.S.

Start Year: 1993

Financial Ranking: 29

ESG Rankings: 141 (Sustainalytics);  259 (CSRHUB)

5. Roberto Egydio Setubal, Itau Unibanco

Industry: Financial Services

Country: Brazil

Start Year: 1994

Financial Ranking: 3

ESG Rankings: 248 (Sustainalytics); 294 (CSRHUB)

Herbert Hainer, CEO of Adidas. (Photo: AP)

4. Herbert Hainer, Adidas

Industry: Consumer Goods

Country: Germany

Start Year: 2001

Financial Ranking: 46

ESG Rankings: 86 (Sustainalytics); 110 (CSRHUB)

3. Pablo Isla, Inditex:

Industry: Retail

Country: Spain

Start Year: 2005

Financial Ranking: 24

ESG Rankings: 71 (Sustainalytics); 163 (CSRHUB)

Lars Rebien Sorensen, CEO of Novo Nordisk. (Photo: AP)

2. Martin Sorrell, WPP

Industry: Consumer Services

Country: U.K.

Start Year: 1986

Financial Ranking: 12

ESG Rankings: 139 (Sustainalytics); 57 (CSRHUB)

1. Lars Rebien Sorensen, Novo Nordisk

Industry: Health Care

Country: Denmark

Start Year: 2000

Financial Ranking:  6

ESG Rankings: 32 (Sustainalytics); 144 (CSRHUB)