More On Legal & Compliancefrom The Advisor's Professional Library
- Trading Practices and Errors When SEC-registered investment advisors conduct annual audits of firm policies and procedures, they should pay close attention to trading practices. Though usually not required to, state-registered advisors should look at their trading practices and revise policies that do not fully protect clients.
- U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Information This information sheet contains general information about certain provisions of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and selected rules under the Advisers Act. It also provides information about the resources available from the SEC to help advisors understand and comply with these laws and rules.
The man behind the largest financial con of all time is playing Grinch this holiday season, decrying what he calls a lack of transparency in the financial markets, and says the growth of hedge funds is forcing market players to take outsized risks in order to earn decent returns.
In a Christmas Eve jailhouse letter to CNBC, Benard Madoff says that insider trading has been around "forever."
"(O)ne would be led to believe that with the recent spate of insider trading prosecution that insider trading is a new development," Madoff writes the network. "This is false. It has been present in the market forever, but rarely prosecuted. The same can be said of front running of orders."
Madoff says markets are suffering from a "lack of transparency" created by the growth of so-called "dark pools"-arrangements outside the established stock exchanges that allow parties to trade stocks privately, with trades and prices only disclosed after the fact.
"Institutions have always attempted to guard this buy and sell information from exposure to the market for fear of being front run," Madoff writes. "Certainly they are entitled to have this right of confidentiality. That being said, the more secret this information, the more valuable this information is to those that can obtain it. Therein lies the problem. It is naive to think that there will be no leakage of this information."
As CNBC notes, Madoff built his fraud on one of the largest hedge funds on Wall Street, which attracted investments from individuals as well as a series of so-called "feeder funds." But Madoff now says the rapid growth of hedge funds and feeder funds-and their commissions and fees-have created a problem for investors and regulators.
"It has been this additional layer of costs that have created the need for more risk to be taken to earn worthwhile returns. This has created a minefield of regulatory problems involving the very reasons that the desire for a lack of transparency has grown. Both of these areas are going to be the greatest challenge that both the industry and the regulators are going to face."