As the possibility of drastic change hovers over France and Greece, with elections to be held Sunday, Norway has warned that Europe is in for a rough ride. It has also shed all of its bonds from Portugal and Ireland in the wake of rejecting the Greek debt swap.
Bloomberg reported Friday that the sovereign wealth fund of Norway sold off all its Portuguese and Irish government bonds, and also cut its holdings in Italy and Spain as part of a strategy to gradually reduce European investments. The fund had also voted against the debt swap worked out for Greece, protesting any subordination to the European Central Bank (ECB).
Yngve Slyngstad, chief executive officer of Norges Bank Investment Management, was quoted saying, “Predictability is important for a long-term investor and the euro area faces considerable structural and monetary challenges.”
Predictability may be in short supply. Europe faces potentially major changes in its debt crisis, depending on election results. As protests surge all over the euro zone against harsh austerity measures, France may see President Nicolas Sarkozy go down in defeat to the Socialist candidate, Francois Hollande, who is expected to win on Sunday, according to a Reuters report.
Hollande is expected not only to emerge victorious, but also to be granted a left-wing working majority in Parliament after those elections are held on June 10 and 17. Sarkozy has moved increasingly further right over the past several weeks, and the centrist Francois Bayrou threw his support behind Hollande on Thursday, angering Sarkozy.
Votes for the far-right candidate Marine Le Pen could fracture Sarkozy’s party beyond repair. "It's the people who are really struggling financially who vote for Le Pen," Dominique Reynie, a professor at Sciences Po University and head of the liberal think tank Fondapol, said in the report. Le Pen’s National Front party has gained support from French voters over the economic crisis, Europe's debt problems and pressure on household incomes.
Reynie added, "For the runoff, people voting for Sarkozy are thinking about somebody who can lead in Europe and handle the crisis. Those who vote for Hollande are thinking about their own purchasing power and social well-being."
In Greece, the situation looks far riskier, as the center-right New Democracy party and the PASOK Socialists between them barely look to have enough support to win a majority. If they fail to do so, they will have to attempt to work with anti-austerity parties determined to fight back against rules imposed by the euro zone.
"Political paralysis in Greece following the elections could lead to a default and even threaten a euro exit, in our view," Bank of America strategist Athanasios Vamvakidis was quoted saying in a research paper released Tuesday.
As if that is not enough turmoil, Italy is set to hold regional elections on Sunday and Monday, with backlash expected against Prime Minister Mario Monti and his austerity-focused government. While there is likely to be no direct effect on Monti, major parties look likely to lose considerable support at the polls.
Germany, too, will hold regional elections in a week, during which it is expected that Chancellor Angela Merkel may see some pushback against her austerity policies.
Norway, wary of such potential for change and its possible effects on its investments, has therefore been shedding European bonds. To replace bonds it sold, it has added government bonds from emerging-market countries such as Brazil, India and Mexico.
The Oslo-based Government Pension Fund Global, $610 billion in size, announced that it had provided a Q1 return of 7.1%, or 234 billion kroner ($41 billion), as measured by a basket of currencies. Its equity holdings were up by 11%, and fixed-income investments increased by only 1.6%.
The fund said its investments in euro-denominated government bonds fell to 39% of its holdings at the end of March, from 43% at the end of 2011. The holdings returned 2.9% in local currency in the quarter.
“We have sold proportionally more of government bonds in southern Europe than in other countries,” Slyngstad added. “This has been a process that has been going on for two years.”
Prior to Greece’s debt swap, the fund held 1.3 billion kroner in Greek bonds. Its investments in Italian government bonds dropped from 33 billion kroner at the end of 2011 to 26.6 billion kroner, and Spanish debt also declined, falling from 18 billion kroner to 15.6 billion.
“It is not only those five countries but in addition we are looking at the situation as a whole,” Slyngstad said in the report. “We are concerned about the situation in the euro area,” he said. “In many countries there are macroeconomic challenges.”