More On Legal & Compliancefrom The Advisor's Professional Library
- Risk-Based Oversight of Investment Advisors Even if the SEC had a larger budget and more resources, it is doubtful that the Commission would have the resources to regularly examine all RIAs. Therefore, the SEC is likely to continue relying on risk-based oversight to fulfill its mission of protecting investors.
- Do’s and Don’ts of Advisory Contracts In preparation for a compliance exam, securities regulators typically will ask to see copies of an RIAs advisory agreements. An RIA must be able to produce requested contracts and the contracts must comply with applicable SEC or state rules.
On February 10, the Committee for the Fiduciary Standard and the New York Law School finally held their weather-delayed forum on the current state of the pending reregulation of brokers and RIAs. The panel featured an impressive lineup of distinguished and thoughtful academics, lawyers, regulators, and industry leaders who expressed a broad range of insightful views and predictions of the probable final outcome.
(See a video here of AdvisorOne's Kate McBride interviewing forum keynoter Tom Bradley of TD Ameritrade.)
Yet to my mind, the most valuable parts of the nearly two-hour discussion provided a more clear view of where we are today, which has greater implications for when the rereg might actually be implemented, than it did of forecasting what those new regs might look like. The current situation was perhaps most succinctly captured by Michael Koffler, who’s the partner in charge of the financial services group at Sutherland Asbill & Brennan in NYC.
Mr. Koffler focused on the political issues involved in reregulating brokers, observing that so far, “everybody punted.” The Congress sidestepped the issue in Dodd-Frank, passing the buck to the SEC. The Commission, in turn, handed off the problem to its staff, and then further distanced itself from even the implication of taking a position by stating on the covers of both key Dodd-Frank mandated studies (on a uniform fiduciary duty and the regulation of RIAs): “This is a study by the Staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The Commission has expressed no view regarding the analysis, findings, or conclusions contained herein.”
Then, not to be outdone, the SEC staff provided very few concrete recommendations in either study, rather offering a thorough analysis of the issues involved and concluding that the SEC really should something about all this, or as Koffler put it: “These are the things you should look at, you figure it out.”
Finally, SEC chair Mary Schapiro stated in a Feb. 2 speech in Washington that the SEC was in no hurry to make any of these decisions: “We have a lot of work to do ahead of us before we actually take a pen to paper and figure out what we might do in terms of writing any specific rule… the report was really very much the first step.”
The reason for all this two-stepping around reregulation, according to Koffler, is that it’s a political hot potato. “It will be politically very difficult to for the SEC to institute a uniform fiduciary standard for both brokers and RIAs without addressing the examination problem with investment advisors. The minute they do one without the other, there will be an outcry from whichever side is being harmed, saying, ‘You’ve created an unlevel playing field!’”
That’s right: It seems that SIFMA and the other forces aligned against a real fiduciary duty for brokers have managed to shift the conversation away from what’s right for financial consumers into a “turf war” between B/Ds and RIAs, in which it would be “unfair” to “harm” one side without balancing that with more regulation to the other. And since the SEC has received no funding to increase RIA regulation, it’s currently a stalemate.
It may well be a long-term stalemate. According to Koffler, we are looking at another round of SEC studies, industry debate and probably Congressional hearings. “We’re looking at months or even years,” he said, “not weeks.” And that, ladies and gentlemen, is how it’s done: If you can’t beat ‘em, tie the issue to some completely irrelevant but extremely tricky problem that will take a long time to solve, if ever. I’ve always said: These guys are good.