Schwab’s Iachini Argues in Favor of All-ETF Portfolios

Growth of ETF market to $1 trillion supports all-ETF strategy

Michael Iachini, director of Investment Manager Research for Charles Schwab Investment Advisory Michael Iachini, director of Investment Manager Research for Charles Schwab Investment Advisory

As the popularity of exchange-traded funds grows, some investors may want to consider going all out and putting nothing but ETFs in their portfolios, says Michael Iachini, director of investment manager research at Charles Schwab Investment Advisory Inc.

Iachini offered three ways to build an all-ETF portfolio, ranging from “ultra-simple” to “very fine-tuned,” in a Dec. 28 market insight on Schwab’s “Research & Strategies” Web page.

The simplest way is to make just two trades into a total world stock market ETF and a total bond market ETF. The “middle of the road” approach would consist of about 10 ETFs. The fine-tuned portfolio for “engaged investors” would include 20 or more ETFs allocated toward market sectors expected to perform best.

“For the most part, it comes down to personal taste,” Iachini wrote. “As a rule, ETFs provide excellent diversification at low ongoing expense, and compared to mutual funds it's much easier to see what stocks, bonds or other investments the ETF holds each day. If these are top characteristics you look for in your investments, owning nothing but ETFs may be a straightforward yet flexible solution worth a closer look.”

Iachini’s portfolio strategies come along as the robust growth of ETFs has caused investors to wonder whether an all-ETF portfolio is possible—or well advised. To be sure, there is strength in the numbers. According to recent Lipper data, U.S.-domiciled mutual funds had a strong fourth quarter in terms of their performance, but they could not keep up with exchange-traded funds in terms of inflows. Equity fund flows into ETFs were close to $37 billion in fourth-quarter 2010 compared to just $18 billion for mutual funds.

“As investors move from being out of the market to getting into it, they appear to be risk adverse and thus favor passive, index-based investments like ETFs,” said Lipper analyst Matthew Lemieux in a phone interview on Friday with Extensive marketing efforts on the part of ETF distributors, financial advisors and discount brokers are contributing to this trend, Lemieux added.

To wit, Iachini’s interest in ETFs as well as index mutual funds. In his insight, he acknowledged that an all-ETF portfolio means giving up actively managed mutual funds, which may outperform index ETFs through skillful selection of

stocks and bonds. But he stressed the positives of ETFs’ low ongoing expenses, diversification and transparency compared with actively managed mutual funds’ higher expenses, possible underperformance and lower transparency.

While it may be true that mutual funds are still dominant over ETFs to the tune of $11 trillion versus $1 trillion, Iachini’s all-ETF strategy nevertheless “makes total sense,” according to Ron DeLegge, editor of and a regular contributor to Research magazine.

“It’s not even a contest,” DeLegge said Friday in a phone interview. “Of course you want to have an all-ETF portfolio. That should be the foundation of all investors’ portfolios: a low-cost, index-based portfolio. Whether you use index mutual funds or index ETFs matters not, but the foundation of all portfolios in my belief should be low-cost index funds. History tells us that he who has the lowest costs and lowest tax bill wins.”

DeLegge conceded that mutual funds still control the retirement plan landscape, but he noted that ETFs are slowly becoming more accepted.

“Let’s face it, most 401(k) plans don’t now offer ETF plans as an investment choice. You currently get a menu of mutual funds to choose from, and a lot of this has to do with the way the retirement plan highway was built to accommodate mutual funds," DeLegge said.

The systems that third-party administrators are using do not accommodate ETFs, though more and more of them are adopting systems and integrating their platforms to incorporate them, he added.

"From an industry perspective, that’s one of the single most important developments for the business. And it’s also important for advisors who recommend ETFs and who want to use ETFs inside of retirement plans like 401(k)s, 457s and 403(b)s," DeLegge said.

Read editor Ron DeLegge’s article about how ETF and ETP assets have cracked the $1 trillion mark at

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