More On Legal & Compliancefrom The Advisor's Professional Library
- The Custody Rule and its Ramifications When an RIA takes custody of a clients funds or securities, risk to that individual increases dramatically. Rule 206(4)-2 under the Investment Advisers Act (better known as the Custody Rule), was passed to protect clients from unscrupulous investors.
- Anti-Fraud Provisions of the Investment Advisers Act RIAs and IARs should view themselves as fiduciaries at all times, whether they meet the legal definition or not. Deviating from the fiduciary standard of full disclosure while courting clients may cause the advisor significant problems.
Robert Khuzami, the Securities and Exchange Commission's newly christened Director of Enforcement, told the New York City Bar during a recent speech that a "major initiative" for the enforcement division is creating, to start, five national specialized units "dedicated to particular highly specialized and complex areas of securities law." The five specialized units will be:
o The Asset Management unit, which will focus on investment advisors, investment companies, hedge funds, and private equity funds. "These entities account for an ever increasing share of public and private investment funds, and the lines between these various vehicles blur and overlap," Khuzami said.
o The Market Abuse unit, which will focus on large-scale market abuses and complex manipulation schemes by institutional traders, market professionals, and others. "These market participants account for a high and ever increasing percentage of trading volumes, and with that comes a risk of large-scale harm," Khuzami said.
o The Structured and New Products unit, which will focus on complex derivatives and financial products, including CDS, CDOs, and securitized products. "These are huge markets, with outstanding notional amounts that at one time came close to the market capitalization of all publicly traded companies in the world," Khuzami said.
o The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act unit, which will focus on new and proactive approaches to identifying violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act, which prohibits U.S. companies from bribing foreign officials for government contracts and other business.
o The Municipal Securities and Public Pensions unit. "The market for municipal securities is huge, and there is every reason to believe that the size and importance of these markets will continue to grow, as the nation's infrastructure needs increase and more and more investors seek safe investment opportunities," Khuzami said.