America's fascination with the uber-rich has been fed by TV shows, movies, magazines. Now, a new book, Get Rich, Stay Rich, Pass It On, reveals the secret to building wealth -- and suggests it's not out of reach for a lot of everyday investors.
"So many perceptions are way off base -- that wealthy people are glitzy, that most wealth is inherited. In fact, only 20 percent of mega-millionaires inherited their wealth," notes Catherine S. McBreen, who wrote the book with George Walper Jr. "The reality is most earned it the old-fashioned way through hard work and smart decisions. This is something that should make you feel good. Wealth is within your grasp."
McBreen, 46, should know.
She and Walper, owners of Spectrem Group in Chicago, have been tracking America's millionaires and mega-millionaires (those with more than $5 million in assets, not including the house they live in) for more than a decade. Each year, the firm surveys more than 5,000 wealthy households, monitoring investment habits, asset allocation choices and the decision-making that goes into them. They interviewed some of America's wealthiest families for the book.
"One of the biggest surprises was how friendly and open people are to sharing their stories," says McBreen, an attorney. "And as we got deeper into the research, we began to see threads that were similar."
Most mega-millionaires, their research shows, are highly educated, exhibit a strong work ethic and have a somewhat high risk tolerance. "They're more likely to take chances," she adds. "They will also tell you that they took a lot of chances that didn't work out."
They are also family-oriented, and they worry about the same things everyone does: Can they maintain their standard of living? What will their health issues be as they grow older? Most don't fully retire. And they're not glitzy. "This isn't about private airplanes and yachts. They're not ostentatious," says McBreen. "Like most people, they like to travel and play golf."
One of McBreen's favorite anecdotes involves a man who inherited a dump truck, put a snow plow on it and, in the early 1970s, built up a lot of contracts to plow out shopping mall parking lots. Next, he began to invest in excavation equipment. One job was excavating land at the end of an airport runway. He bought some of the land for a few thousand dollars. The business grew and his sons became part of it. Ultimately, Wal-Mart paid $8 million for the land he had purchased years earlier for $5,000.
"This is a great example of someone taking what he knew -- and working it to full advantage, building on it, finessing it," she notes. "This is a story about an everyday person who made a lot of very smart decisions."
Other takeaways from their research: Mega-millionaires, in addition to having 30 percent to 50 percent of their investable assets in the stock market, own income-producing real estate and invest in entrepreneurial enterprises, often their own businesses.
Regarding the real estate, McBreen says: "This isn't about buying a house and flipping it. It's buying apartment buildings, shopping centers, commercial buildings. A lot of them will buy an apartment building for each of their grandchildren. There's this thought that real estate holds its value whereas the stock market could dissipate."
Since joining Spectrem in 1995, McBreen, well known for her expertise in the affluent and retirement arenas, has helped the firm's clients -- large banks, brokerages and law firms -- enter new markets, form strategic alliances and implement Internet and distribution strategies. Walper, McBreen's longtime collaborator, calls her a "strategic thinker" whose discipline and analytical abilities have become "a big plus for us over the years."
About the book, their first, Walper adds: "We really wanted to write something that advisors would benefit from, and more importantly that the mass affluent would benefit from." There are 33 million mass affluent Americans -- people with $100,000 to $1 million in assets, not including their home.
"What we hope is that what I call Main Street America can learn that they too can put together a strategy based on the successes we've outlined," he adds. "That's important because so many Americans think they can never become comfortable or wealthy when, in fact, they can if they follow the model and focus on hard work."
Up next for Spectrem: In April, the consulting firm will release a millionaire's study, broken down for the first time by regions of the country. McBreen says the research shows there is a regional difference not only in how millionaires invest but in how they use financial advisors. The firm is also ramping up its new website, Millionaire Corner, aimed at helping the mass affluent and millionaires become even wealthier.
"Who doesn't want wealth?" says McBreen. "The truth is most wealthy people are normal folks who did some smart things along the way. A lot of these traits are in everyday people. It's not out of reach."
Freelance writer Ellen Uzelac is based in Chestertown, Md.; the former West Coast bureau chief and national correspondent for The Baltimore Sun, can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org